Aldous Huxley's Brave New World: Contemporary America to Utopia

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Brave New World
How would one react switching from contemporary America to utopia? How would one feel relying on a drug called soma to live life, to be happy? The perfect world is what is Aldous Huxley brings to reality in his novel Brave New World. He uses various types of characters to walk one through the glamorous side of the brave new world, as well as its struggles. He also uses John, a savage who represents contemporary America, to emphasize the struggles of this world. One might fantasize about endless happiness, and life full of all fun and play, but as the savage finds out all cannot be fun and games.

Soma came into being after the Nine Year’s war and the worldwide economic collapse. The controllers knew they had to stabilize society, to take all pain out of life. So, they created the perfect drug, it is described as “Christianity without tears’” (244) by Mustapha Mond. Starting off as infants people are exposed to this “euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant,” (53). They are conditioned to take it whenever they feel anything other than happiness. This perfect drug not only impairs one’s judgment but also gives one a vacation from reality. Take half a gramme for half a holiday, a gramme for a week-end, two grammes for a trip to the East, and three for a dark eternity on the moon (55). Although being considered the perfect drug, it does have its flaws.

Lenina, a civilian of this new world, seems to be completely reliant on soma as seen when, Bernard Marx and her take a trip to a Savage Reservation. While on this trip Lenina forgets her soma in the rest house, leaving her to face the horrors of the Reservation unaided. She is horrified and disgusted when she sees a mother breastfeeding her child, when she sees an old man missing teeth, and even a young boy being whipped. Faced with these horrors she continues to wine and complain about he not having her soma, constantly saying “I wish I had my soma,” (117). Later on they came across a boy named...
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