Locomotiva 2: Aldo Rossi’s Entry for the Centro Direzionale di Torino Competition collection
Beginning in the 1960s a number of urban planning problems began to be recognized as a consequence of transformations of the postwar Italian city. These concerned congestion of the urban core and concerns over the conversion of housing stock, desperately needed to serve a growing influx of workers from rural areas, into offices for business. One solution proposed at this time were the Centro Direzionale, entirely new complexes of municipal and administrative offices located outside of the city’s historic core. The proposed scale of these new developments was large enough to constitute entirely new self-contained districts, while their siting in brownfield or suburban locations could determine the direction of future urban expansion1. However it is no coincidence that such solutions were put forward at the same time that architects began envisioning megastructures and finally building megaprojects. Rossi’s unsuccessful entry to the competition for a new Centro Direzionale outside of Turin, titled Locomotiva 2, emphasizes its scale rather than trying to blend into its low-level surroundings. The main complex presents a fortress-like appearance, representing “a modern conception of the centralization of services and vertical communications.” 2 Walls nearly 30 metres high are punctuated by elevated highways and surround a vast open-air public square that is dominated by the steel dome of the conference hall. Rossi’s continued research on urban planning culminated with the publication in 1966 of his L’architettura della città . 3 1
Pen and ink on translucent paper, 89.2 x 103 cm. Aldo Rossi fonds, CCA Collection. AP142.S1.D4.P1.2
Peter Arnell and Ted Bickford, Aldo Rossi : Buildings and projects (New York : Rizzoli International Publications, 1985), p. 40. 2 Alberto Ferlenga, ed. Aldo Rossi : The life and works of an architect (Cologne : Könnemann Verlagsgessellschaft mbH, 2001), p.34. 3 On Rossi’s ideas about urban planning in the Italian context, see : Mary Louise Lobsinger “The new urban planning in the Italian context : On Aldo Rossi’s Architettura della città” in Journal of Architectural Education, Volume 59, Issue 3 (February 2009), p. 28 – 38.
Keywords: Locomotiva 2, Aldo Rossi, Centro Direzionale di Torino, Turin, L’architettura della città , Italy, urban planning, Error 404
16. Aldo Rossi, Gianugo Polesello, "Peter Behrens e il problema dell'abitazione moderna," Casabella Continuita, n. 240 (1960); also in Scritti ,ceiti, 107-11. 37. Ibid., 107 38. Rossi, The Architecture of the Ciry, 45. 39. Manfredo Tafuri, a 1960 graduate of the...