Alcohol plays a major role in society today. It is constantly being .
...... in our minds through advertisements, whether its commercials or
billboards, holidays, or even just at the popular social scene. Alcohol is
consumed for many purposes, such as celebrations, to increase romance, out of
boredom, or a way to relax. Alcohol is a drug that is depended upon by the
majority of our society. Nonetheless, alcohol has very damaging effects, not
only does it cause self-inflicted diseases resembling alcoholism or cirrhosis
of the liver, but it harms unborn fetuses as well. Many women drink alcohol
when they do not even know that they are pregnant yet. Alcohol can cause
disorders such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, FAS, is a congenital disorder which is
characterized by a variety of physical and behavioral traits that result from
maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. The term Fetal Alcohol Effects,
FAE, indicates that alcohol is being considered as one of the possible causes of
a patient's birth defects. In other words, FAE is a less severe form of FAS.
Both FAS and FAE are the results of the use of teratogens, which are nongenetic
influences that can potentially complicate fetal development.(Harris, p.85)
FAS is due to the mother's consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.
Alcohol in the woman's bloodstream circulates to the fetus via the placenta.
There, the alcohol intrudes with the ability of the fetus to receive a
sufficient amount of oxygen and nourishment for normal development in the brain
and other body organs. The critical time for alcohol teratogenicity is around
the time of conception.
Effects of FAS/FAE
Although alcohol is the only cause of FAS, there are unfortunately
numerous effects. Infants with FAS may have a weak sucking response and an
irregular sucking pattern early in life. Some doctors describe them as
distracted and fatigued when... [continues]
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(1999, 10). Alcohol and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 1999, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Alcohol-Fetal-Alcohol-Syndrome-971.html
"Alcohol and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome" StudyMode.com. 10 1999. 10 1999 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Alcohol-Fetal-Alcohol-Syndrome-971.html>.
"Alcohol and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome." StudyMode.com. 10, 1999. Accessed 10, 1999. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Alcohol-Fetal-Alcohol-Syndrome-971.html.