Classical School theory implies people are free will rational thinkers. Also, people have a fluid affect in society by making decisions that could create a positive outcome. Beccaria theorized that punishment would deter people from committing crimes. There are many other sub theories within the Classical School such as hedonism and utilitarianism. Hedonism is where a person commits a crime for their own pleasure. Utilitarianism is defined by the greatest good for the most of the people.
Unlike Classical School ideas where people are active agents with free-will, the Positivist School suggests that people are passive and controlled within their being. Lombroso theorized that criminal... [continues]
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