In 1912, Alan Mathison Turing was born in Paddington, London, to Julius Mathison and Ethel Sara Stoney. When Turing was young, he was sent to Hazlehurst Preparatory School and as an average student, he was already full of bright ideas. At 14, he completed his Common Entrance Examination and went to Sherborne Public School. There, he won almost every mathematics prize possible. He felt that public school education did not satisfy his intellectual needs and towering expectations. His interests in chemistry and mathematics did not stop him from performing his own experiments and developing studies unknown to his teachers.
During his early years, Turing developed a great friendship with Christopher Marcom, of whom he shared his intellectual and scientific experiments and thoughts with until Marcom's sudden death in 1930.
When Turing turned 19, he entered King's College at Cambridge to study math. Turing's achievements at Cambridge had been on account of his work in probability theory. He graduated later in 1934 and two years later, Turing received the Smith's Prize for independently discovering the central limit theorem, a concept still taught today in a statistics class at the University of Toronto. In addition to his year of success, he published his renowned paper, "On Computable Numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem", where he introduced an abstract machine, now known as a "Turing machine". This gadget moved from one state to another using a precise finite set of rules provided by a finite table and... [continues]
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