Alamat ng Roma
Ayon sa alamat, ang lungsod ng Roma ay itinatag ng dalawang kambal na sila Romulus at Remus. Kinidnap ang magkambal noong sila ay mga sanggol pa at iniwan malapit sa Ilog ng Tiber. Inalagaan sila ng mga lobo pero noong lumaki na sila, natagpuan sila ng isang pastol at inalagaan din sila ng pastol. Itinatag nila ang bayan ng Roma pero nag-away sila kung sino ang mamumuno dito pero sabi ng mga ilang historyan, ang pangalan lang ng lungsod ang pinagawayan nila. Nanalo si Romulus at ipinangalan sa kaniya ang bayan ng Roma. Historya ng Roma
Early Rome was governed by kings, but after only seven of them had ruled, the Romans took power over their own city and ruled themselves. They then instead had a council known as the 'senate' which ruled over them. From this point on one speaks of the 'Roman Republic'. The word 'Republic' itself comes from the Latin (the language of the Romans) words 'res publica' which mean 'public matters' or 'matters of state'. The senate under the kings had only been there to advise the king. Now the senate appointed a consul, who ruled Rome like a king, but only for one year. - This was a wise idea, as like that, the consul ruled carefully and not as a tyrant, for he knew that otherwise he could be punished by the next consul, once his year was up.
| Rome knew four classes of people. This division was very important to the Romans. The lowest class were the slaves. They were owned by other people. They had no rights at all. The next class were the plebeians. They were free people. But they had little say at all. The second highest class were the equestrians (sometimes they are called the 'knights'). Their name means the 'riders', as they were given a horse to ride if they were called to fight for Rome. To be an equestrian you had to be rich. The highest class were the nobles of Rome. They were called 'patricians'. All the real power in Rome lay with them. The Roman Republic was a very successful government. It lasted from...
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