What is Schizophrenia?
* It’s a biological disease of the brain
* It’s a complex mental health problem , which can manifest itself in a number of ways * It affects both men and women, but usually show itself earlier in males (late teens – early twenties) than females (late twenties). * It’s found all over the world, in all races and cultures. * 1 in every 100 people in the world will experience the disease at least once during their lives. * The signs and symptoms vary widely from patient to patient ,therefore they is no single definition , but a combination of certain factors (such as stress, hereditary factors and drug abuse) have been shown to affect the risk of developing it. * The good thing it’s very much controllable with drugs.
The early signs of schizophrenia can be very subtle. This makes early detection difficult as even close family and friends may fail to notice a change in behaviour. The most common symptoms are lack of interest in appearance and withdrawal. Symptoms are divided into two groups: Positive Symptoms and Negative Symptoms Positive Symptoms:
Abnormal thoughts and perceptions .New experiences normal people do not (only in exceptional circumstances) have. The symptoms consist of (hallucinations, delusions, disordered thinking). Hallucinations
Hallucinations come in many forms (auditory, visual, olfactory, tactile and taste) The most common type of hallucination experienced by schizophrenia are auditory, usually voices. The voices may commentate on behaviour or instruct the person to do something. To the schizophrenic person these voices are real, they are not imaginary also it is believed that the voices are actually the thoughts of the person. Evidence to support this is provided by the use of a medical imaging technique. This reveals that changes occur in the area of the brain involved in the speech at the time voices are reported as being heard. A good example noises such as...