Akhenaten was the Pharaoh of Egypt for 17 years during the Eighteenth Dynasty which took place from 1352 to 1336 B.C. He was born the son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tyie. His was originally named after his father, Amenhotep IV, but decided to change his name during the fifth year of his reign. During that year he changed his name to Akhenaten, which means “horizon of the sun,” or can also be translated to “He who is of service to Aten.” He had six daughters, Merytaten, Meketaten, Ankhesenpaaten, Neferneferuaten-tasharit, Neferneferure, and Sotepenpre. Akhenaten was also suspected of having two more sons, Smenkhkare who succeeded him on the thrown, and Tutankhamun whom reigned after his brother. Both sons were born from different mothers. His first wife Neferiti, who was renamed to Nefernefruaten by the Pharaoh Akhenaten, which translated, means “beautiful is the beauty of Aten,” was also known as the “great royal wife” during the early years of his reign. He also had 3 consorts during his reign as well. First was Kiya, known as the “lesser royal wife.” Next was Meritaten, whom was also known as the “great royal wife” because she was the Queen during the later years of his reign. The last consort that Akhenaten was believed to have, was named Ankhesenpaaten. This consort was controversial because she was also believed to be one of his six daughters. Although Ankhesenpaaten may have been one of Akhenatan’s daughters, it was been said that she birthed a child to her own father.
Akhenaten was a philosopher and also and intellectualist. He has been described as Egypt’s most profound ruler. He was most recognized for the introduction of his monotheistic views of the sun god known as “Aten.” He basically abandoned the traditional polytheistic views of the Egyptians and began to worship Aten. However, His views and ideals were not accepted by all of the Egyptian people. Some described his new religion as a “mono-theistic cult” and refused to accept it. He...
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