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A. K. Ramanujan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the mathematician , see Srinivasa Ramanujan
Attipat Krishnaswami Ramanujan (Kannada: ಅತ್ತಿಪೇಟೆ ಕೃಷ್ಣಸ್ವಾಮಿ ರಾಮಾನುಜನ್) (1929–1993) was a scholar of Indian literature who wrote in both English and Kannada. Ramanujan wore many hats as a Indian poet, scholar and author, those of a philologist, folklorist, translator, poet and playwright. His academic research ranged across five languages: Tamil,Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit, and English. He published works on both classical and modern variants of these literatures and also argued strongly for giving local, non-standard dialects their due. -------------------------------------------------

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[edit]Early life and education
He was born into an Iyengar family in Mysore City in 1929. He was educated at Marimallappa's High School and Maharaja College of Mysore. He was a Fellow of Deccan College, Pune in 1958 - 59 and Fulbright Scholar at Indiana University in 1959 - 62. He was educated in English at the Mysore University and received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from Indiana University. In 1962, he became an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, where he was affiliated throughout the rest of his career. However, he did teach at several other U.S. universities at times, including Harvard, University of Wisconsin, University of Michigan, University of California at Berkeley, and Carlton College. At the University of Chicago, Ramanujan was instrumental in shaping the South Asian Studies program. He worked in the departments of South Asian Languages and Civilizations, Linguistics, and with the Committee on Social Thought. In 1976, the government of India awarded him the honorific title "Padma Sri," and in 1983, he was given the MacArthur Prize Fellowship (Shulman, 1994).[1] -------------------------------------------------

...Srinivasa Ramanujan Biography
Born: December 22, 1887 Died: April 26, 1920 Achievements: Ramanujan independently discovered results of Gauss, Kummer and others on hypergeometric series. Ramanujan's own work on partial sums and products of hypergeometric series have led to major development in the topic. His most famous work was on the number p(n) of partitions of an integer n into summands. Srinivasa Ramanujan was a mathematician par excellence. He is widely believed to be the greatest mathematician of the 20th Century. Srinivasa Ramanujan made significant contribution to the analytical theory of numbers and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, and infinite series. Srinivasa Aiyangar Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu. His father worked in Kumbakonam as a clerk in a cloth merchant's shop. At the of five Ramanujan went to primary school in Kumbakonam. In 1898 at age 10, he entered the Town High School in Kumbakonam. At the age of eleven he was lent books on advanced trigonometry written by S. L. Loney by two lodgers at his home who studied at the Government college. He mastered them by the age of thirteen. Ramanujan was a bright student, winning academic prizes in high school. At age of 16 his life took a decisive turn after he obtained a book titled" A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics". The book was simply...

...a strong agile body. The stock is retractable and extendable; this is ideally suited for use in close quarters and by soldiers who operate in small rooms or vehicles with limited storage space. The M4 favors are versatility and modularity. The M4 assault rifle has a rail that allows the operator to mount optics and lighting components. The M4 with a fully loaded magazine of 30
2
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The M4 Carbine caliber is a 5.56mm round, which has a weight of 3.6 grams. Being such a small round compared to the larger round of the AK47, it has a reputation for excellent accuracy, a flat trajectory and a high velocity. This allows shooters to take headshots...

...5/27/13
MATHEMATICIANS CONTRIBUTIONS: MODULE 4 - SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN (1887 AD - 1920 AD)
THURSDAY, JULY 26, 2012
MODULE 4 - SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN (1887 AD - 1920 AD)
SRINIVASA RAMANUJAN (1887 AD - 1920 AD)
Born Died Residence Nationality Fields Institutions Friend 22nd December 1887 AD 1920 AD Erode , Kumbakonam Indian Mathematics, Astronomy Cambridge university, madras university Hardy
Srinivasa Ramanujan, one of India’s greatest mathematical geniuses, was born in his grandmother’s house in Erode, a small village about 400 km southwest of Madras, on 22nd December 1887. His father worked in kumbakonam as a clerk in a cloth merchant’s shop. In 1917 he was hospitalized, his doctors fearing for his life. By late 1918 his health had improved; he returned to India in 1919. But his health failed again, and he died the next year. Ø Five years old – primary school Ø Jan 1898 – town high school in Kumbakonam Ø 1904 – he got scholarship Ø 1906 – he entered in to Pachaiyappa’s college Ø 14th July 1909 – he married ten year old girl S.Janaki Ammal Ø 1911 – His first paper published, 17 page works on Bernoulli numbers - journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Ø Ramanujan was appointed to the post of clerk and began his duties on 1stMarch 1912. Ø 1914 – he went England Ø 1916 – Cambridge university granted him a bachelor of science degree Ø 1919 – he returned India Contributions · Ramanujam made...

...one would have had the imagination to invent them".
Thus was Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920) introduced to the mathematical world. Born in South India, Ramanujan was a promising student, winning academic prizes in high school. But at age 16 his life took a decisive turn after he obtained a book titled A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics. The book was simply a compilation of thousands of mathematical results, most set down with little or no indication of proof. It was in no sense a mathematical classic; rather, it was written as an aid to coaching English mathematics students facing the notoriously difficult Tripos examination, which involved a great deal of wholesale memorization. But in Ramanujan it inspired a burst of feverish mathematical activity, as he worked through the book's results and beyond. Unfortunately, his total immersion in mathematics was disastrous for Ramanujan's academic career: ignoring all his other subjects, he repeatedly failed his college exams.
As a college dropout from a poor family, Ramanujan's position was precarious. He lived off the charity of friends, filling notebooks with mathematical discoveries and seeking patrons to support his work. Finally he met with modest success when the Indian mathematician Ramachandra Rao provided him with first a modest subsidy, and later a clerkship at the Madras Port Trust. During this period Ramanujan had his first...

...Srinivasa Ramanujan was one of India's greatest mathematical geniuses. He made contributions to the analytical theory of numbers and worked on elliptic functions, continued fractions, and infinite series.
Ramanujan was born in his grandmother's house in Erode on December 22, 1887. When Ramanujan was a year old his mother took him to the town of Kumbakonam, near Madras. His father worked in Kumbakonam as a clerk in a cloth merchant's shop.
When he was five years old, Ramanujan went to the primary school in Kumbakonam although he would attend several different primary schools before entering the Town High School in Kumbakonam in January 1898. At the Town High School, Ramanujan did well in all his school subjects and showed himself as a talented student. In 1900 he began to work on his own on mathematics summing geometric and arithmetic series.
Ramanujan was shown how to solve cubic equations in 1902 and he went on to find his own method to solve the quartic.
It was in the Town High School that Ramanujan came across a mathematics book by G. S. Carr called Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure Mathematics. Ramanujan used this to teach himself mathematics. The book contained theorems, formulas and short proofs. It also contained an index to papers on pure mathematics.
By 1904 Ramanujan had begun to undertake deep research. He investigated...

...economics, and communications, among others. The addition, reduction or transformation of any of these fields results in the difference on the stage of international politics. These changes can obviously be made by an item. An item that made the difference on the stage of international politics is AK-47.
The name AK-47 is the abbreviation of Avtomat Kalashnikov. The designation “47” refers to 1947, the year in which the assault rifle was designed for the Soviet army by the revered Mikhail Kalashnikov. Kalashnikov assault rifles are the most widespread military weapons in the world. It is estimated that there are between 50 and 70 million of them spread across the world’s five continents. They are used daily by soldiers, fighters, and gang members to inflict untold suffering in many countries. The spread of these weapons continues largely unchecked by governments, threatening the lives and safety of millions as weapons fall into irresponsible hands.
AK-47 is a widely spread rifle which are used almost by all the countries because of its availability and reliability. It is particularly easy to use, maintain and fire even in the dusty environments, which can cause other weapons to jam frequently. AK- 47 has the significant role in the World War II, Cold War and the wars that exist today. This rifle has its own role in wars from Vietnam to Iraq and from Central America to Central Africa. This rifle changed the face of...

...Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920) introduced to the mathematical world. Born in South India, Ramanujan was a promising student, winning academic prizes in high school. But at age 16 his life took a decisive turn after he obtained a book titled A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics. The book was simply a compilation of thousands of mathematical results, most set down with little or no indication of proof. It was in no sense a mathematical classic; rather, it was written as an aid to coaching English mathematics students facing the notoriously difficult [Tripos examination, which involved a great deal of wholesale memorization.] But in Ramanujan it inspired a burst of feverish mathematical activity, as he worked through the book's results and beyond. Unfortunately, his total immersion in mathematics was disastrous for Ramanujan's academic career: ignoring all his other subjects, he repeatedly failed his college exams.
As a college dropout from a poor family, Ramanujan's position was precarious. He lived off the charity of friends, filling notebooks with mathematical discoveries and seeking patrons to support his work. Finally he met with modest success when the Indian mathematician Ram Chandra Rao provided him with first a modest subsidy, and later a clerkship at the Madras Port Trust. During this period Ramanujan had his first paper published a 17-page work on Bernoulli numbers that appeared...

...modern era of conflict two infantry rifles have set the standard for all others, the M-16 and the AK-47. No other infantry rifle has shaped history more in the past sixty years than these two. They have encountered one another countless times since they first clashed in Vietnam, and critics have compared the two ever since.
The AK-47 is an air cooled, gas operated, magazine fed, rotating bolt, assault rifle. It was designed by a Russian engineer named Mikhail Kalashnikov in 1947. It was accepted a few years later by the Soviet Union as a replacement for the SKS Carbine. It fires a 7.62x39 cartridge (Collecting). The projectile is larger and is known to have a heavier impact than the one used by the M-16 but is also known to be a bit less accurate. The use of the larger round means that the AK is able penetrate small cover, such as wood or drywall, better than the smaller round used by the M-16. The maximum effective range for the AK-47 is around 300 yards. The AK is a very cheaply produced rifle, requiring simple tooling to manufacture and maintain. Furthermore, the rifle requires very little training for the user, while also being extraordinarily reliable. Very few, if any, firearms are able to operate effectively under the poor conditions that the AK can withstand. These characteristics are why the AK-47 is the choice of many forces around the world. In...