This paper deals with the air and coastal shipping industries in the Greek insular
market and the relationship they have developed in the passenger transport area.
This specific geographical region is characterized by a large number of islands
that need regular transport services for the passengers mobility all year round but
especially during the peak summertime season, covering a high level of demand.
There is a considerable number of small regional airports in the islands that
operate as an alternative solution against sea transport, that today has the biggest
transport market share. The article focuses on the notions of competitiveness and
complementarity that may or may not exist between these two transport means.
The above notions are approached through surveys that have been conducted by
the Laboratory of Transport Economics of the Maritime Department of the
University of Piraeus. The market analysis that resulted from the research studies
on the users of both air and sea transport is presented as well as their impact on
the operational policy of the air carriers.
Sea transport has always been the main way for the transportation of both
passengers and cargo in the Greek insular market. Since the mid of last century
the rapid development of air transport has caused many changes in the transport
market of insular Greece. Can the present situation in the aforementioned region
be characterized as competitive or complementarity between the two modes?
In this question we reply through a survey that took place in three main routes for
both sea and air passengers. In order to format an answer to the above question it
is essential to develop the passenger's profile and therefore the needs that form
the demand for each transport mode.
2. Coastal shipping and air transport passenger market in
2.1 A market analysis
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