Infection Control Related to MRSA in the Hospital
In the hospital there are many infections one may acquire. One of the most dangerous infections is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). This infection can be acquired in the community or in the hospital. MRSA was identified in the United States in the late 1960’s, and MRSA can be found on the skin, in the blood, in the nasal passage, and in the urine. MRSA affects many people and some people may not realize they are a carrier. MRSA rates continue to climb in the community and in the hospitals. The rising rates may be related to multiple drug resistant organisms (Raygada & Levine,2009).
Hospital acquired infections could be traced back to a surgical procedure, the person’s immune response, or prolonged hospitalizations. Community acquired infection may be a result of drug abuse, person to person contact, open wound that is infected with MRSA, or large body weight. These infections are being seen more and more and the infections increase hospital stays and costs (Raygada & Levine,2009). These infections have been a challenge for many hospitals to prevent and remain at a minimum. Teaching patients and the nurses about MRSA will decrease these infections and decrease mortality rates. Nurses should be taught about proper hand hygiene, contact precautions, proper protective equipment, and screening on admission to the hospital. Further prevention recommended by the Center for Disease Control(2010), is the appropriate contact isolation for patient care. An example is wearing gloves, gowns, and cleaning the patient’s room daily (CDC,2010).
Hand hygiene is of the upmost importance and should be done for at least 20 to 30 seconds. One might could sing happy birthday to remember how long to wash their hands with antibacterial soap and water. Hand hygiene prevents the...