Aids to Effective Teaching

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AIDS TO EFFECTIVE TEACHING
* THE RECITATION
* ASSIGNMENT
* ART OF QUESTIONING

THE RECITATION
* has become a permanent fixture of the classroom situation. * Is the visible manifestation of the teaching-learning situation. * aids pupils in learning and clarifying abstract concepts and ideas.

* RATIONALE FOR THE RECITATION
* The legitimate excuse for classroom meetings
* Meet to discuss or plan, think, and learn together
* Students and teacher can disagree civilly, and criticisms, especially the constructive ones, are evaluated, accepted or disregarded as the case maybe. * Becomes a living laboratory
* Means of developing many skills, attitudes, abilities, and ideals.

* CURRENT CONCEPT
* Current location for developing:
-reflective thinking
-creative expression
-favorable attitudes
-ideals for social living

* Matrix for the inculcation of democratic ideals;
-respect for the human personality
-cooperative effort
-general welfare
-group responsibility
-the use of one’s intelligence

* PURPOSES OF RECITATION
* Develop wholesome attitudes essential to effective social living * Provide practice in democratic ideals and processes
* Provide problem-solving activities that will train pupils in reflective thinking and critical evaluation * Encourage freedom of expression and respect for the opinions of others * Wholesome discussion takes place and a kind of atmosphere where creative expression and resourcefulness among pupils develops

* HOW TO CONDUCT THE RECITATION
Should be;
1. well-planned.
2. purposive.
3. provide for active pupil participation and self-activity. 4. utilize lifelike situations
5. provide for individual differences
6. provide for evaluation

* CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR AN EFFECTIVE RECITATION
1. Good environment
2. Mastery of the subject matter on the part of the teacher 3. Interest and enthusiasm
4. Cooperation
5. Preparation on the part of the pupils

* CAUTIONS IN CONDUCTING RECITATIONS
1. Pupils should recite for the class, not for the teacher alone. 2. Pupils should not be allowed to do as they please in the classroom. 3. No one should monopolize the recitation, especially the teacher. 4. Modern teacher gives his pupils every chance to recite and aims for even distribution of his questions and activities. 5. Interrupting the pupil who is reciting discourages him in his task. 6. Teachers should know how to handle the responses of pupils.

* THE SOCIALIZED RECITATION
* geared to a greater socialization of the individual
* to train youth for democratic living
* elements of socialization are fostered in the classroom * cooperative effort characterizes the activity
* spirit of friendliness pervades the atmosphere
* The teacher is no longer the center of attention and no longer the chief actor but is now the member of the class, he suggests rather than orders

* TWO GENERAL TYPES OF
SOCIALIZED RECITATION
I. Formal
II. Informal
I. FORMAL SOCIALIZED RECITATION
* imitations of adult forms of institutional organizations:
-stimulate a city council meeting or a court of justice
-a meeting of a club
-the proceedings in a business organization

* pupils participate in situations that they are likely to meet after schooling II. INFORMAL SOCIALIZED RECITATION
* Takes the form of discussion groups like;
-panel discussions
-round table conferences
-caucus meetings
-single-leader group discussions
-symposiums
-seminars
-workshops

THE ASSIGNMENT
* an the integral part of any lesson.
* students do assignments that are clear, worthwhile and purposeful

* MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF ASSIGNMENT
* is that part of the lesson which tells the pupils what they are to do and what they are to accomplish in the lesson. *...
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