Aids Research Paper 2

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 171
  • Published : November 14, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
In 2009, 33.3 million people around the world were living with AIDS, but with the stigmas, judgment and lack of education on the disease sufferers are too afraid to say they have the disease and seek treatment for it (HIV/AIDS: Frequently Asked Questions, 2011). So where is the cure for AIDs, what treatments are out there, who is at risk the most, what research is being done, what can we as a public to prevent the spread of AIDs? In this research paper I will discuss all of this and more in the subject of AIDs and those with the disease. “I saw the tortured face of AIDS. It grimaced with the pain of fever and nausea. It gasped with fluid-filled lungs. It wore huge, open sores that emerged from deep in the throat and spread over the lips, neck, and torso. In advanced stages of the disease, the central nervous system can begin to deteriorate, leaving some victims powerless even to close their eyes and mouths. Nerve endings in the extremities go numb or tingle as if pricked by thousands of needles. AIDS robs the brain of its cognitive functions, leaving patients raving with dementia. It saps the body's protein, wasting muscles to the bone. Draped in nothing but skin, 20-year-olds look 70.”- Michael Klesius from his article in Search for a Cure from National Geographic’s.

First, the topic of what AIDs is and how you can contract it is very important. AIDs are an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome. When a person has AIDs, his or her body has been weakened to the point where it is no longer able to effectively fight disease. As a result, many other health problems develop when a person has AIDS (HIV/AIDS, 2008). The American Heritage Medical Dictionary states the medical definition of AIDs is “A severe immunological disorder caused by the retrovirus HIV, resulting in a defect in cell-mediated immune response that is manifested by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and to certain rare cancers, especially Kaposi's sarcoma. It is transmitted primarily by exposure to contaminated body fluids, especially blood and semen (The American Heritage Medical Dictionary, 2007).” How can you contract AIDs? AIDs has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue and spinal fluid, blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. However, only blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk generally transmits infection to others (HIV/AIDS: Frequently Asked Questions, 2011). The most common ways the virus is transmitted is through sexual contact, through blood, mother to child while pregnant, and infected needles.

Where did AIDs begin, when did it begin? In America AIDs hit the book in the early 1980’s, formal tracking of the AIDs virus began in 1982. After tracking the disease the following year scientists realized the disease was actually first noted in the United States in the mid- to late-1970s, doctors in California and New York noticed growing numbers of gay men developing rare types of pneumonia, cancer and other illnesses (HIV/AIDS, 2008) . How did AIDs come about is still a mystery, in 1999 a research team discovered HIV (which can turn into AIDs) in a group of chimpanzees native to west Africa, hunters contracted the disease through hunted chimpanzee blood.

Who is most at risk of contracting AIDs? Though everyone ill-informed of how to protect them from contracting AIDs is at risk of following victim to the disease, there are certain groups of people who are even more at risk. In the United States alone racial and ethnic minorities are most at risk. In the United States, the group with the highest rate of HIV infection is men who have sex with men. People with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to contract and transmit AIDS, perhaps because they have less knowledge about AIDS, are surrounded by people who are more likely to have AIDS, and are more likely to use drugs and practice unsafe sex to escape from stress (Feldman, 1990). In 2009 around the world 33.3 million people were living...
tracking img