Presented By: Monika Arora
Bhartiyam College of Education, Faridabad
AIDS Awareness - Index
nHIV / AIDS – A Brief
nRed Ribbon Foundation – A Brief
nHow is HIV passed on?
nYou cannot get HIV from:
nThe four stages of HIV infection
HIV / AIDS – A Brief
nHIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus(The resulting disease is called AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), a disease in which there is a severe loss of the body's cellular immunity, greatly lowering the resistance to infection and malignancy nIt was first isolated in May 1983 at Paris by Luc Montagnier, and belongs to a group called ‘Retroviruses’. They copy their genetic material into the genetic material of human cells and, thus the infected cells, stay infected for the rest of their lives. The HIV infects key body cells called CD4 cells, which coordinate the immune systems fight against various infections.
Red Ribbon Foundation – A Brief
The Red Ribbon Foundation:
ncreated to raise money for distribution to HIV/AIDS researchers, primarily in the field of pediatric AIDS research; to promote awareness of the disease through distribution of the Red Ribbon; and to educate the worldwide public through efforts such as our website, handing out informative materials on high school and college campuses, and holding events that bring an awareness of the disease. It was founded in 1993 in memory of Singer/song writer Paul Jabara, who conceived of and distributed the first Red Ribbon, and who died of AIDS. How is HIV passed on?
You cannot get HIV from:
nSaliva, Tears or Sweat.
nEating or playing
nSharing a home, Office or Class room
nTouching a toilet seat, telephone etc.
nThrough Mosquitoes or other insects
The four stages of HIV infection
ACUTE INFECTION (0 – 3 MONTHS)
nThe Window period is the first stage when a person comes into contact with HIV. This lasts approximately 6 – 9 weeks. Although most people do not notice it, the period starts with a short illness, soon after infection. It could be a soar throat, an ulcer in the mouth or genitals, a fever or a rash on the skin, diarrhea, a severe headache, or rarely an attack of Meningitis as a result of severe immune suppression. During this period, an HIV test is advised. Although the test looks for antibodies of HIV, it may not be show through as, the body may not have developed any antibodies at this very early stage. Therefore, a second test is advised a few months later. The symptoms mentioned above could be caused by other infections such as a flu, glandular fever, and tonsillitis The four stages of HIV infection
ASYMPTOMATIC HIV INFECTION (3 MONTHS TO 10 YEARS)
nDuring this period the patient still does not recognize the infection and may feel comfortable and healthy. However the immune damages will be detectable only by laboratory tests. Here, two tests are advised. nCD4 Cell count test: A normal CD4 Cell count in a healthy person without HIV, ranges between 400 to 1600 cells/mm3. Immediately after the infection, the cell count falls to several hundred counts below the normal. nViral Load Test: This test, detects the amount of HIV in blood. It is counted in the form of ‘copies’ per ml of blood. A count of 10,000, shows the level of infection as being low and, 100,000 copies per ml, denotes high presence of HIV cells in blood. The viral load can go up briefly, as the infection period advances. The HIV virus, replicates very actively during this period, primarily in the lymph nodes and lymphoid tissues, which are perfect environment for infection of CD4 cells in the body. The health of some people, decline rapidly in 2 years during this period but, 10 to 15% show no signs, for as many as 10 years. The four stages of HIV infection
3rd STAGE SYMPTOTAMIC HIV DISEASE
nIn this stage, the immune system which was constantly in battle with the rapidly replicating...