India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries. The agro-industry mainly comprises of the post-harvest activities of processing and preserving agricultural products for intermediate or final consumption. The agro and food processing sector offers scope for development of several industries such as solvent extraction, oleo- resins, kinnow/ orange juice, malt extracts, floriculture and a host of other items. Besides these items like mushrooms, tomato processing, other processing industries based on mango, ber, pomegranate and other vegetable like onion, potato, garlic. Industries based on herbal and medicinal plants, sheep, goat ,buffalo meat processing, poultry and poultry products and non edible oil processing industries have bright export prospects.
It is a well-recognized fact across the world, particularly in the context of industrial development, that the importance of agro-industries is relative to agriculture increases as economies develop. It should be emphasized that ‘food’ is not just produce. Food also encompasses a wide variety of processed products. It is in this sense that the agro-industry is an important and vital part of the manufacturing sector in developing countries and the means for building industrial capacities. | Agro-Based Industries
Cotton Textile Industry
It is the oldest and the largest industry in India. It...