Agriculture in the Caribbean

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 331
  • Published: January 9, 2012
Read full document
Text Preview
TABLE OF CONTENTS

ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE CARIBBEAN
Foreign exchange
Contribution to GDP/GNP
Food security
Employment
Environmental management
CONSTRAINTS AFFECTING CARIBBEAN AGRICULTURE
Climate
Topography
Appropriate Technology
Rural Infrastructure
Land Tenure and Fragmentation
Credit Facilities
Marketing Facilities
Extension Services
Praedial Larceny
CLASSIFICATION OF CARIBBEAN FARMS
Distinguishing Features of Farmers (According to Size) Large Farms
Medium Sized Farms
Small Farms
Distinguishing Features of Farms (According to Produce) Crops Farm
Livestock
Monoculture/Mono-cropping
Mixed Cropping
Mixed Farming
Organic Farming
Agro-Forestry
Integrated Farm
INSTITUTIONS WHICH SUPPORT LOCAL AND REGIONAL AGRICULTURAL
Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA)
Bodles Research Station:
Jamaica Livestoc Association (J.L.A.)
Jamaica Agricultural Society (J.A. S.):
Scientific Research Council (SRC
Sugar Industry Research Institute (SIRI)
Caribbean Community
Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI ) Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI)
University of the West Indies (UWI)
College of Agriculture, Science and Education (CASE)
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA) Food and Agriculture Organization (F AO)
Organization of American States (OAS)
Inter-American Development Bank (I.D.B.)
The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
Caribbean Basin Initiative (C.B.I)
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) European Union (EU)

INTRODUCTION TO SOIL SCIENCE
Functions of Soil in our Environment

Soil Formation

Weathering
Soil formation factors

Soil Profile

Physical Properties of soils

Soil texture

Soil Structure

Porosity
BULK DENSITY
SOIL COLOUR
SOIL WATER
Importance of soil Organic Matter
Chemical Properties of the soil

Soil pH

Plant nutrients
HOW THE SOIL HOLD PLANT NUTRIENTS?
MANAGING SOIL FERTILITY
FERTILIZERS
Advantages of organic fertilizers
Disadvantages of organic fertilizers
Inorganic fertilizers
Fertilizer grade
Advantages of inorganic fertilizers
Disadvantages of inorganic fertilizers
Practical activity
Identifying types of fertilizers
Methods of applying fertilizer
Importance of plant sexual reproduction in agriculture
The flower
Pollination
Types of pollinations

Self pollination

Cross pollination

Fertilizatio

ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE CARIBBEAN

Foreign exchange
The agriculture sector earns foreign exchange by exporting traditional and non-traditional products. In addition to earning foreign exchange, the agriculture sector may also produce food and raw material for local consumption; this reduces the need to import similar products, resulting in the saving of foreign exchange.

The foreign exchange earned and saved is used to purchase other goods and services which the country needs/want but does not produce. Imported products must be purchased using foreign exchange. In addition to trading, foreign exchange is also used to repay international debt.

Contribution to GDP/GNP
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT – GDP
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT – GNP

GDP and GNP are means of measuring the national income of a country. The GDP measures the value of goods and services produced locally, in a given period. The GNP is determined by adding the value of goods and services produced in a country (GDP) and also what is earned abroad and returned to...
tracking img