Agriculture in Nigeria

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AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA:

Identifying Opportunities for Increased Commercialization and Investment

Main Report

By Manyong, V.M., A. Ikpi, J.K. Olayemi, S. A. Yusuf, R. Omonona, and F.S. Idachaba From

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

And

University of Ibadan

For

USAID/NIGERIA

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA:
Identifying Opportunities for Increased Commercialization and Investment

Main Report
By Manyong, V.M., A. Ikpi, J.K. Olayemi, S. A. Yusuf, R. Omonona, and F.S. Idachaba

This Research was funded by USAID/Nigeria.
Implementation was by International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA),

In collaboration with University of Ibadan (UI)

November, 2003

ii

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA STUDY: IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE (IC) MEMBERS

1. 2. 3. 4.

Prof. F. Idachaba, Agriculture in Nigeria Study /IC Chairman, University of Ibadan Dr. V.M. Manyong –IC Secretary, Agriculture in Nigeria Study Coordinator, IITA Prof. J.O. Olayemi, University of Ibadan Prof. A. Ikpi, Head, Department of Agric. Economics, University of Ibadan Assisted by Drs. S. A. Yusuf, R. Omonona, and V. Okoruwa (University of Ibadan) and Miss B. Koleosho (Project Administrative Assistant, Agriculture in Nigeria Study, IITA)

iii

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA STUDY: STEERING COMMITTEE (SC) MEMBERS 1. 2. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, FMARD Nigerian Association of Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture, NACCIMA

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Nigerian Institute for Social and Economic Research, NISER Farmers’ Association and Development Union, FADU
Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN
Union Bank of Nigeria PLC, UBN
International Fertilizer Development Corporation, IFDC/DAIMINA United States Agency for International Development, USAID/Nigeria Department for International Development, DFID/Nigeria
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, UI International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, IITA

iv

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA STUDY: Field Technical Teams Team 1: Team 2: Team 3: Team 4: Team 5: Team 6: Southwest Zone: Dr. (Mrs.) Akanji B. (NISER) and Dr. Okoruwa V. (UI) Southeast Zone: Dr. Yusuf S. A. and Mr. Samuel Awoniyi (UI) South-south Zone: Dr. Omonona (UI) and Dr. Udoh E. (Univ. of Uyo) North-central Zone: Dr. Ayoola G. (Univ. of Makurdi)

Northwest Zone: Dr. Ahmed B. and Dr. (Mrs.) Sanni (ABU)
Northeast: Dr. Amaza P. (Univ. of Maiduguri) & Femi Agboola (UI)

v

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA STUDY:
COLLABORATING INSTITUTIONS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) University of Ibadan (UI)
University of Uyo (UNUYO)
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU)
University of Maiduguri, UNIMAID
Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi
Nigerian Institute for Social and Economic Research (NISER)

vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................vii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ix LIST OF FIGURES .......................................................................................................................x LIST OF APPENDICES ..............................................................................................................xi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .........................................................................................................xii CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................1

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 3.2 Socio-economic and Developm Challenges in Nigeria’s Agriculture ...............................................................1 ent Focus of Nigeria’s Agricultural Development Priorities...
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