Agriculture in India

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Quarterly Agricultural Outlook Report April-June 2012

Agricultural Outlook and
Situation Analysis Reports
Quarterly Agricultural Outlook Report
April-June 2012
Under the Project Commissioned by
the National Food Security Mission
Ministry of Agriculture
June, 2012

Prepared by

National Council of Applied Economic Research

Agricultural Outlook and
Situation Analysis Reports

AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK AND SITUATION ANALYSIS REPORTS

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Agricultural Outlook and
Situation Analysis Reports
Quarterly Agricultural Outlook Report
April–June 2012
Under the Project Commissioned by the
Ministry of Agriculture
June, 2012

Prepared by
National Council of Applied Economic Research
11, I.P. Estate, New Delhi 110 002

AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK AND SITUATION ANALYSIS REPORTS

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Study Team at NCAER
Shashanka Bhide (Project Leader)
A. Govindan (Senior Consultant)
V.P. Ahuja (Consultant)
S.K. Mondal (Consultant)
S.C. Agarwal (Consultant)
Charu Jain (Research Analyst)
Sushrita Sarkar (Consultant)
Rakesh Srivastava (Head of IT Section)
Prem Mohan Srivastava (IT Consultant)
Praveen Sachdeva (Sr. IT Executive)
Aditi Jha (Research Associate)
Sujoy Mojumdar (Research Associate)
Surajita Rout (Research Associate)

Interns
Rahul Chaudhary
Shivani Gupta
Divya Midha

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AGRICULTURAL OUTLOOK AND SITUATION ANALYSIS REPORTS

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Preface
Indian agriculture is facing a new set of challenges. The growth of the economy leading to rise in average incomes together with the globalisation of agricultural markets has increased consumer demand for a diversified food basket. Farmers need to be in a position to respond to these challenges by taking into account the factors that affect costs and prices of their produce.

Monitoring the ever changing conditions in the agriculture sector is important for designing and fine tuning policy measures for the benefit of the farmers. While information is generally available capturing the past developments in the sector, systematic and regular forward looking assessment are still not available to farmers, students and policy makers. With this in view, the Ministry has commissioned NCAER to undertake a a study on preparing quarterly and semi-annual reports on agricultural outlook. It is a matter of pleasure that other international agencies such as FAO are collaborating in this effort.

It is extremely heartening to note that the first Quarterly Agricultural Outlook Report is now ready. This is the first report in this series and will inevitably suffer from various lacunae and shortcomings. Suggestions for improving the report will be greatly appreciated.

Secretary
Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
Ministry of Agriculture

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Foreword
Agriculture continues to be critical to India’s economy given its role in meeting the needs of food and fibre for over a billion people and providing livelihoods to millions of households in the rural areas. India is a major producer and consumer of several basic food commodities. The challenge is to meet the diversified and increased demand for food commodities as a result of the changing dietary preferences of the population. Imports meet a substantial share of the consumption of edible oils and pulses. Several efforts are under way to achieve the diversification of agricultural output in order to raise the incomes of the producers and improve the sustainability of production systems. At the same time, there is also the need to achieve food security. The food inflation of the last two years has highlighted the need to watch the imbalances in supply and demand not just of food grains, but also of fruits, vegetable and milk, and both in the short and longer runs. NCAER is very privileged to have been asked by the Ministry of Agriculture to undertake a 3-year study to prepare quarterly and semi-annual reports on the agricultural outlook. The study has...
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