Agriculture and Food Production in the Old Kingdom Egypt

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Old Kingdom Egypt

The Old Kingdom of Egypt was a time of strength and growth distinctly through true Egyptian pyramids of quarried stone, which are one trademark of this time. The Old Kingdom includes the dynasties three through eight that lasted about 500 years. It was an era where the use of agricultural systems like irrigation projects deigned to harness the capability of the Nile River floods. Throughout the dynasties, Egypt has made a lot of changes through religion and politics, which has brought by several changes that set Egypt apart from the first three dynasties like the transition from the Stepped Pyramids to the true pyramids. Also during the 4th, Dynasty, there was military expansion in the South, in Nubia. By the 5th Dynasty, the government was less established, and the pyramid décor become more extravagant. The 6th Dynasty brought a slow decline in Egypt. Then the extinction of the Old Kingdom came to be during the 7th and 8th Dynasty. Throughout the Old Kingdom from 2680-2180 B.C., Egypt was known to have attained its first uninterrupted peak of civilization in complexity and accomplishment. The natural source of irrigation helped shape the early of ancient Egypt. The fertile land made the country capable of agriculture and food production, which are the main skills that feed a civilization. The Old Kingdom Egypt shined in this area of production. This success was due to a numerous amount of things: constant climate temperatures, the Nile’s annual inundations that caused the land unlimited, and even Egypt’s substantial amount of resources. D. Brendan Nagle (2010) proclaimed, “Periodically over the centuries, the Nile had changed its course, leaving behind banks of mud roughly paralleling the river. These natural levees could be turned into reservoirs by damming their ends and trapping the water of the flood between them after they had reached their maximum”. The Nile River was the source of life in Egypt, because the crop fields are the product of the fertile soil from the river. Egypt's marshlands supplied Egypt with plants. The plants could provide oil as well as building materials. It was also a source of a wide range of species of fish. Animal husbandry was particularly important in Old Kingdom Egypt. Cattle were a source of food and of prize animals. Both essentially and religiously purposeful, the cow had a unique place in Old Kingdom. Without a doubt, people cannot discuss the agriculture without investigating the source of life known as the Nile River. According to Nagle (2010), “The Niles was an important factor in this early achievement of national unity, for it provided first-class means of transportation up- and downstream” (p. 16). This was a way that the northern wind could propel ships sailing through the current, and opposing traffic could use the river current itself. With the natural flooding, the Nile River was used to provide a natural irrigation system to provide food and agriculture to the country. Nagle (2010) stated, “Annually, the Nile flooded the river valley from desert wall to desert wall to a depth of three to four feet, leaving behind a fertile layer of mud as it receded”. Transportation is essential for delivering the goods throughout the country. Farming and food production was made possible by the Nile River. The waters provided the necessities the Egyptians desired to grow the fields, and the drinking water for the animals as well. Seriously, the Nile was literally the source of life for the Egyptians. Everything through agriculture and food was made possible through the natural resource of the Nile waters. The waters flowed through a constant cycle of flooding. Nagle (2010) wrote, “The flooding began in early June, and by October the river had returned to its normal channel, just in time for the winter plating of cereal crop”. Irrigation was of upmost importance to survive in Egypt. The irrigation system had a particular pattern the Egyptians followed to...
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