Agricultural Revolution

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In 1688 England was an agrarian society; over half of the population were making their living from agriculture. A very small percentage of the population owned most of the land, leaving a large percentage of the population owning very small pieces or in some cases landless. Most trades were taken place in the cottage industry; the cottage industry is an industry where the producers would work from their homes to produce cloth materials, mainly from wool and cotton, the cloth they produced would be sold to merchants who visited their village, they were known as clothiers, the clothiers would then make the cloth into clothing and sell to the public, or in some cases the cloth would be exported. The income was very small for cottagers; some cottagers would have to make their children work hard labour to help make a better income. With a large scale of people having no land to produce work on, they would have to find work on farms or estates as labourers or out servants, their only other option was to put their life at risk and be a common soldier or work out at sea, and for not much more income. Labourers would be paid wages by the landowners or tenants they were working for. The people with larger land would use their land for farming to produce food such as crops and meat from the livestock. They would use their products to feed their family and some would make their living from selling their products on the market. If their land was too small to produce work they would rent more land from other, larger landowners. The larger landowners were gaining a lot of income from renting out their land; they were able to live off the money they earned from renting out their land alone. The larger landowners were known as the nobility and gentry, they were upper class, well-bred people. Owning land gave you acceptance in the higher ranks of society, which could lead to local or even national power. Looking at Gregory King’s table, it shows that the wealthy landowners were a...
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