Agricultural Development

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  • Topic: Agriculture, Agricultural economics, Agricultural science
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  • Published : February 28, 2013
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COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE 1

COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE I

Course Code Course Title Course Developer/Writer

COP 111 Introduction to General Agriculture I Mr. A.D. Adeleye Federal Co-operative College Eleyele, Ibadan Dr. G.O. Falade National Open University of Nigeria Lagos Mr. M.A. Gana National Open University of Nigeria Lagos

Programme Leader

Course Co-ordinator

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
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COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE I

National Open University of Nigeria Headquarters 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island Lagos Abuja Office No 5 Dar es Salam Street Off Aminu Kano Crescent Wuse II, Abuja Nigeria e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng URL: www.nou.edu.ng Published by: National Open University of Nigeria 2008 First Printed 2008 ISBN: 978-058- 409-9 All Rights Reserved

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COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE I

CONTENTS
Module 1…………………………………………………... Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Introduction to Agriculture………………….. Agricultural Development…………………… Essentials of Agricultural Development……... Problems of Agricultural Development……… Land Use in Nigeria…………………………..

PAGES
1 1915 22 29 8 14 21 28 36

Module 2………………………………………………….… 37 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Method of Farming in Nigeria………………… Importance of Research in Agriculture……….. Agricultural System…………………………… Agricultural Extension Service……………….. Importance of Agriculture Extension…………. 37 45 52 61 69 44 51 60 68 75

Module 3…………………………………………………..… 76 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Importance of Agricultural Production………... 76 - 83 Environmental Factors Affecting Agricultural Production…………………………………….. 84 - 91 Types of Soil………………………………….. 92 - 99 Identification of Crops………………………… 100 - 107

Module 4…………………………………………………..… 107 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Common Food Crops Cultivation, Harvesting And Importance………………………………. 107 - 116 Vegetable Crops II. (Vegetable, Carrot, Cucumber and Lettuce)……………………… 117 - 126 Root Crops…………………………………… 127 - 133

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COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE I

MODULE 1
Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Introduction to Agriculture Agricultural Development Essentials of Agricultural Development Problems of Agricultural Development Land Use in Nigeria

UNIT 1
CONTENTS 1.0 2.0 3.0

INTRODUCTION TO AGRICULTURE

4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0

Introduction Objectives Main Content 3.1 Origin of Agriculture 3.2 The Meaning 3.3 Scope of Agriculture 3.4 Importance of Agriculture Conclusion Summary Tutor-Marked Assignment References/Further Readings

1.0

INTRODUCTION

This is the first unit in this course General Agriculture and it is designed to enable you to understand the impact of agriculture on the socio economic development of Nigeria. This unit will briefly explain the introductory part of the course to you. It will also explain the importance of Agriculture and for the next two to three hours in going through details, all the activities will be well explained especially the selfassessment exercises which are designed to make you understand the course better in a twinkled of an eye. At the end of the unit, there are again self-assessment questions which are meant for you. Please make sure you attend to them so as to master the details explained and the various points raised. This will not only help you but it will also make the course context easy in achieving the stated objects below.

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COP 111

INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL AGRICULTURE I

2.0

OBJECTIVES

On completion of this unit, you should be able to: • • define agriculture and its branches; and explain the importance of Agriculture.

3.0 3.1

MAIN CONTENT Origin of Agriculture

Right from the creation of man, agriculture has been a major occupation in existence. Man has survived as a hunter and as a gatherer of fruits nut and berries. He has depended on the natural bouts of the forests, savannah lands, rivers and lakes, just as all...
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