Today’s animal production systems are designed to produce massive quantities of animal meat for human consumption as cheaply as possible, while obtaining the highest quality product as possible. However, this brings to question the abusive measures involved to achieve this goal. Animal rights activists such as P.I.T.A, protest, the conditions in which the animals are forced to live. The living conditions include small cages that can hold thousands of animals in very crammed spaces. This they consider harmful and un-natural. For an example, United Egg Producers Certified.( January 2006) has consider the process involving laying hens, the feeding of those animals are restricted at certain times to encourage or increase the egg laying. Other extremely painful measures include the clipping of their nails and beaks which is commonly known to inflict extreme pain, yet no pain relief is given. First the human population in this country relies heavily on this animal production system due to the high demand for animal meat. The upside of this production system is that the animals are housed within the farm production factories, and are not subject to the discomfort of adverse weather. The downside of this system would be the extremely crowed conditions and the un-natural environment that they are forced to endure. In this system most animals are tied down and or altered to prevent injury to themselves and others, in turn, the confined animal remains unable to sit or turn around within this confined cage. One of many concerns are that the animals ability to articulate natural behavior’s. Many people strongly believe that animals should not have the same rights as us humans, But according to the United States Department of Agriculture “research has proved that practices like trimming off a third to half of a bird's beak or cutting off a dairy cow's tail is too stressful to be condoned. It has shown this with not just one but several objective measures all pointing to the same conclusion: These common practices cause animals lasting pain. That is unacceptable under the ethics of animal care. ( Lewis W. Smith March 2005
Every year, 10 billion domesticated land animals are slaughtered for food in the United States, 27 million each day and 19,000 every minute. Worldwide, the yearly slaughter count is more than 50 billion. Every second, 1,680 animals are killed for food (American Psychological Association 2007). Most farmed animals are killed when they are barely adolescents or even younger, such as the "broiler" chickens raised for meat who are slaughtered at only 6–7 weeks old. The U.S. egg industry suffocates, gases, or grinds up live, 250 million male chicks each year; they are not profitable because they will never produce Eggs and are not bred to grow at an unnatural speed like broiler chicken. (Stephanie Ernst • 2008-10-05 UTC). The conditions and the numbers are indeed staggering when you take into account the millions of animals that suffer to feed humans. Pigs are another resident to the factory farmer. In most cases pigs are kept in tiny stalls unable to turn or sit, left to stand in stalls littered with their own feces. The castration of male pigs, generally only the sharp pains of cutting through the spermatic cords are considered. Thus the use of local anesthetics is sometimes advocated. However, there is little consideration of the painful after-effects, lasting nearly a week (van Putten, 1987). In practice, no local anesthetic or other painkiller can be used. During the 14 to 16 weeks of his brief life, the veal calf spends most of his time in complete darkness in a small crate, in which he cannot even turn around. He only sees light at feeding times (twice a day). Darkness keeps calves quiet and reduces the restlessness and boredom of standing in a bare wooden crate. (Calves, in the "wild," are normally active,...