Agri Market

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  • Topic: Sabzi Mandi, Sabzi, Flour
  • Pages : 8 (1797 words )
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  • Published : January 9, 2013
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AGRI-MARKET OF INDIA
Agriculture market in INDIA has a significant history. It ranks second worldwide in farm output. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. India is the world's largest producer of fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, fibrous crops such as jute, several staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice. Indian farms are not poor performing for every crop. For some, Indian farms post the best yields. For example, some of India's regions consistently some of the highest yields for sugarcane, cassava and tea crops every year. One report from 2008 claimed India's population is growing faster than its ability to produce rice and wheat. Other recent studies claim India can easily feed its growing population, plus produce wheat and rice for global exports, its infrastructure and raise its farm productivity to those achieved by other developing countries such as Brazil and China. India has shown a steady average nationwide annual increase in the kilograms produced per hectare for various agricultural items, over the last 60 years. These gains have come mainly from India's green revolution, improving road and power generation infrastructure, knowledge of gains and reforms.

INDIA’S CONDITION IN AGRO-PRODUCT MARKET IN CONTEXT WITH THE WORLD

The Statistics Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization reported that, per final numbers for 2009, India had grown to become the world's largest producer of the following agricultural produce. * Fresh Fruit * Lemons and limes * Buffalo milk, whole, fresh * Castor oil seeds * Sunflower seeds * Sorghum * Millet * Spices * Okra * Jute * Beeswax| * Pulses * Indigenous Buffalo Meat * Fruit, tropical * Ginger * Chick peas * Areca nuts * Pigeon peas * Papayas * Chillies and peppers, dry * Anise, fennel, coriander * Goat milk, whole, fresh| Per final numbers for 2009, India is the world's second largest producer of the following agricultural produce. * Wheat * Rice * Vegetables, fresh * Sugar cane * Groundnuts, with shell * Lentils * Garlic * Cauliflowers and broccoli * Peas, green * Sesame seed| * Cow milk, whole, fresh * Tea * Potatoes * Onions * Cotton lint * Cottonseed * Eggplants (aubergines) * Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms * Indigenous Goat Meat * Cabbages|

RESEARCH WORK DONE BY THE GROUP FOR THE PROJECT
We as a group started our research with a visit to GALLA MANDI, NAUBASTA KANPUR where we met Mr. P.C. Trivedi who gave us a good understanding of a few food grains used very frequently in domestic uses as well as agro-product industry NAUBASTA GALLA MANDI

Mr. P.C. Trivedi told us that galla mandi is basically a mandi for commissioning agents who get approximately 1.5% commission on the total sales along with a few charges like UNLOADING, DUMPING,WEIGHING AND LOADING CHARGES etc.

When asked about wheat Mr. Trivedi described many varieties of wheat like:- * K 68
* RR 21
* SHARBATI (grown in M.P.) (MAX GLUTEN) (BEST QUALITY AND MOST EXPENSIVE) * KATIYA (GROWN WITH CHANA)(GOOD FOR DIGESTION)
* DURUM (USED FOR MAIDA)
* SEMOLINA( FOR RAWA)
He told us that wheat is a food grain whose price are governed by the MINIMUM SUPPORT PRICE (MSP)decided by the government to help the farmers
The prices for this season were: WHEAT
| MSP(RS)| Mandi price(RS)|
Price per 100 kg| 1275| 1050-1150|

He explained that the mandi prices of wheat are comparatively lower than that of government or that of FCI (FOOD CORPORATION OF INDIA) because FCI has a quota of food grains and they cannot procure food grains exceeding that quota limit in a year hence the mandi prices are reduced so as to gain some more profit

We also got to know about a proper cycle of how things reach the market
The given...
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