The ASQ (Ages and Stages Questionnaires) is a series of questionnaires that is completed by parents of the infant or child, Preschool educators, Kindergarten teachers, and Day Care Providers. The ASQ is designed to screen the developmental performance of children in the areas of communication, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, problem solving, personal-social skills, and overall development across time. The age-appropriate scale is completed by the parent of the infant or child, Preschool educators, Kindergarten teachers, and Day Care Providers. The items on the scale represent behaviors that the child should be able to perform at that age. The target Population of this assessment tool is for Children between the ages of 4 months and 60 months (5 years of age). This assessment is implemented in Head Start Programs; State funded Preschool programs and public schools.
Ages and Stages Questionnaire
A major obstacle to the timely delivery of early intervention services is the early and accurate identification of infants and young children who have developmental delays or disorders. The first step in obtaining needed services for infants and young children and their families is the establishment of comprehensive, first-level assessment programs. The Ages & Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) meets these criteria for a first-level comprehensive assessment program. The ASQ assessment system is composed of 19 questionnaires designed to be completed by parents of the infant or child, Preschool educators, Kindergarten teachers, or Day Care Providers. Questionnaire intervals include 4 months to 60 months (5 years of age). In most cases, these questionnaires can identify accurately infants or young children who are in need of further evaluation to determine whether they are eligible for early intervention services. Each questionnaire contains 30 developmental items that are written. in simple, straightforward language. The items are divided into five areas: communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving, and personal-social. The assessment is a criterion referenced curriculum-based assessment designed to be used with young children with disabilities and those who are at risk. Intended Audience and Demographic Information
The target populations include two groups: first group is children with known conditions or disabilities, and second group is at risk children from low income families. Children with known conditions and children whose development is questionable or appears mildly atypical should receive screening. Children with known conditions and children who are identified during the screening process should be evaluated to determine if they are eligible for services. The ASQ is the most effective and efficient type of assessment to establish eligibility. The ASQ offers authentic assessment and results can be used directly to establish eligibility for services as well as to determine high quality goals and intervention content. Children with known risk factors comprise the second population. Children with documented risk conditions or whose development is suspect should be screened with a measure that has been determined to be both valid and reliable. The ASQ offers general screening in five developmental areas, communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving, and personal-social. Table 1. Demographic Information
Age| Setting| Population|
2.5 – 3 years of age| Early care and Education settings, including child home| Low socioeconomic at risk children, or children with known conditions or disabilities| 4.5-5 years | Early care and Education settings, including child home| Low socioeconomic at risk children, or children with known conditions or disabilities| 5 years of age| Education settings| Low socioeconomic at risk children, or children with known conditions or disabilities|