Ageing Population

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In this day and age, because of the success of economy and improvement of science and

technology, people have been living longer than ever before. Concerning with this problem, a

telegraph on 1st October, 2012 entitled “World faces ageing population time bomb says UN”

was posted in order to provide the facts and forecasts about ageing population in the world

and to recommend some ideas to deal with this problem. In spite the fact that living longer is

a great achievement of human beings, a rapidly ageing population also leads to difficulties for

many countries in all over the world. A recent report estimated that the number of older people

will increase significantly from 800 million to over one billion and in 2050, it will reach two

billion. The article also goes deeply in Japan which has the most proportion of elderly (more than

30%) and Britain which is expected to be one of 64 countries will reach one-thirds of elderly

by 2050. In addition, the article mentioned to old measure of government which aimed to meet

old people’s needs like welfare, pension or health care system. Therefore, the development of

economy has to face with many challenges. In order to overcome obstacles, it is proposed a

course of action that people should encourage elderly to continuously contribute more for the

country after retirement.

In my opinion, I find out that the editors cites persuasive evidence and facts, forecasts are

simplified and the article gives a revolutionizing solution for ageing population, but the

implement would not be feasible. Also, I find it unacceptable to assert that old people are the

burden of a nation because they are the cause of raising difficulties for economy.

Firstly, about the facts and forecasts in the telegraph, I myself find it very convincing, they

prove that ageing population is a phenomenon which is soaring remarkable. With up-to-dated

and concrete statistics, the article gives audience an overview about population situation in

all over the world. It gives the alarm about effects of ageing population on labor force. These

statistics which the article shows are not only right for one or two countries, but they are also

right for many countries. Let me take Vietnam for an example. According to a report of UNFPA

in Vietnam, Vietnam is in the end of overpopulation with three specific characteristics: birth

rate decreases, fatality rate decreases and life expectancy increases. General statistics Office of

Vietnam points out that the percentage of people older than 60 in Vietnam would reach 10%

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by 2017; it means Vietnam will enter the stage of ageing population. After two decades later,

the population of Vietnam will step into “old” stage when the index of ageing is expected to

swell from 35.5 in 2009 to over 100 by 2032, it forecast. (UNFPA, 07/2011). Therefore, I find

that Vietnamese statistic also supports the article statement about the rapid growth of ageing

population.

However, when the article suggests that older people are the burden of economy, it just goes

too far. According to the article, people get older means that the government has to pay more

for them like welfare, pension and health care system; as a result it leads to bad effects on the

economic development. Although it asserts that the growth of elderly has raised many challenges

for the development of a country, it did not give any specific statistic or evidence to demonstrate

this opinion. Moreover, from my own experience I find that claiming elderly are burden is an

unproved accusation because their needs are very limited. Also, getting older does not mean

they are useless; they are still a giant resource of experience and especially they are the spiritual

support for their family. Aging population is not a burden but it will be a burden of economy and

society if there is no preparation and implementation...
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