Age of the Common Man

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Unit 7 Study Guide
Chapter 11
Age of the Common Man
period from Jackson’s inauguration as president up to the Civil War is known as the Jacksonian Era or the Era of the Rise of the Common Man. This period constituted great change and issues warranting debate, such as slavery, Indians, westward mobility, and balance of power between the executive and the legislative branches of government. The United States had no strict class system. Most Americans identified themselves into the middle class. The common man now had the right to vote, without the distinction of owning land, nominating candidates to office, and rewarding the politicians that represented the common man’s interests.

Tallmadge Amendment
The Tallmadge Amendment was submitted by James Tallmadge, Jr. in the United States House of Representatives on February 13, 1819, during the debate regarding the admission of Missouri as a state. Tallmadge, an opponent of slavery, sought to impose conditions on Missouri that would extinguish slavery within a generation.

Missouri Compromise
n 1820, after angry debate in Congress, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, and Maine was admitted as a free state to preserve the balance of slave and free states in the Union. Also, slavery was banned from that part of the Louisiana Territory north of 36° 30'.

Land Act of 1820
Enabled Westerners to buy a minimum of 80 acres at $1.25 an acre in cash. Along with the spread of railroad systems built by government aid, westward migration and settlement grew rapidly.

Stephen Austin/Texians
Accordingly, after many delays and frustrations with the Mexican government, Stephen Austin introduced a large number of colonists from the United States. An unassuming man with a kindly presence, he was deeply respected by all, and achieved unparalleled influence over the often unruly settlers in Anglo Texas.

Panic of 1819
Between 1819 and 1823 the United States suffered its first nation-wide economic depression. The depression was caused by a fall in cotton prices and the contraction of credit. The Panic led to demands for more democracy in government, hostility toward banks, and a growing split in the Republican party./Financial panic followed by an economic depression, started when the Second Bank of the United States clamped down on small local banks. Debtors unable to meet their obligation had their mortgages foreclosed, their homes seized, and their crops and equipment confiscated.

Transcontinental Treaty
Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain signed in 1819 that have the United States East Florida, set the boundary between the United States and Spain in the Southwest, and extended U.S. territorial claims to the pacific Northwest.

Monroe Doctrine
The U.S. policy statement issued by President Monroe in 1823 that declared that Latin America was no longer open to European or political intervention.

Henry Clay
Senator from KY known as the “Great Compromiser” who was supported by merchants who had benefited from the U.S. Bank loans. He was for the charter renewal of the Second Bank of the United States, which was vetoed by Jackson. Election of 1824/”corrupt Bargain

Four candidates,Crawford,Jackson, Clay, Adams, No majority in electoral college John quincy Adams wins in House of representatives, Clay appointed Secretary of state. Clay supported Adams in return for becoming secretary of state. John C. Calhoun

a Representative and a Senator from South Carolina and a Vice President of the United States;member, State house of representatives 1808-1809; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Twelfth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1811, to November 3, 1817, when he resigned; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President James Monroe 1817-1825; elected vice president of the United States in 1824 with President John Quincy Adams; reelected in 1828 with President Andrew Jackson and served from March 4, 1825, to December 28, 1832, when he...
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