After the War - Essay

Topics: World War II, United States, Beat Generation Pages: 5 (1925 words) Published: January 17, 2012
The increase in wage enticed many women to join the labor force. History usually assumes that this increase in the women labor market (specifically married women), and the new jobs opened to women, caused this ideological change in our society. These changes lead to the acceptance of married women in the workplace, and more desegregated workplace. World War II opened a new chapter in the lives of Depression-weary Americans. The United States of America had an unusual importance in the war; it had been spared the physical destruction that had taken place throughout the world. Americans on the home front did not see the fighting and brutality as other countries experienced it. However, the events and changes on the home front due to the World War transformed America. One of the greatest conversions was that of the American woman. Women around the country were transformed from the average house wife into a person with a voice and most importantly a purpose.

For the first time women were working in the industries of America. As husbands and fathers, sons and brothers shipped out to fight in Europe and the Pacific, millions of women marched into factories, offices, and military bases to work in paying jobs and in roles reserved for men in peacetime. Women were making a living that was not comparable to anything they had seen before. They were dependent on themselves; for once they could support the household. Most of the work in industry was related to the war, such as radios for airplanes and shells for guns.

The end of World War II brought a baby boom to many countries, especially Western ones. There is some disagreement as to the precise beginning and ending dates of the post-war baby boom, but it is most often agreed to begin in the years immediately after the war, ending more than a decade later; birth rates in the United States started to decline in 1957. In areas that had suffered heavy war damage, displacement of people and post-war economic hardship, such as Poland, the boom began some years later.

When the war ended in 1945, millions of veterans returned home and were forced to integrate. To help the integration process, Congress passed the G.I Bill of Rights. This bill encouraged home ownership and investment in higher education through the distribution of loans at low or no interest rates to veterans. Returning G.I.’s were getting married, starting families, pursuing higher education and buying their first homes. With veteran’s benefits, the twenty-something’s found new homes in planned communities on the outskirts of American cities. This group, whose formative years covered the Great Depression, was a generation hardened by poverty and deprived of the security of a home or job. Now thriving on the American Dream, life was simple, jobs were plentiful and babies were booming. Many Americans believed that lack of post-war government spending would send the United States back into depression. However, consumer demand fueled economic growth. The baby boom triggered a housing boom, consumption boom and a boom in the labor force. Between 1940 and 1960, the nation’s GDP jumped more than $300,000 million. The middle class grew and the majority of America’s labor force held white-collar jobs. This increase led to urbanization and increased the demand for ownership in cars and other '50s and '60s inventions

Pop Art, a form of Postmodernism, describes the genre of art during and after World War II. The question I am exploring within this topic is why did the influence of the time period of World War II create such sexual and abstracts work of art? Abstract works of art ? The idea or actual creation of sexual and abstract images have been around for centuries, Yet the idea of linking a genre of art works to the timed in which they were created doesn’t appear as a major topic of discussion. However the perspectives of Pop Art seem to dominate fiercely in the world of art critics.

The 1940’s through the 1960’s were...
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