Afrikaner nationalism surged after 1940; incidentally, it was during this decade that apartheid was instituted as a policy. Before this time, Afrikaners had largely been a scattered people with only language and religion in common. At the time of unification the British had hit hard against these points in the South African constitution. After the Anglo-Boer war, the already generally poor Boer population was in shambles: 25% poverty, rampant homelessness, and the emergence of a Bywoner population.
The stage was set for nationalism - but how would it eventually manifest itself? The two possible paths of Afrikaner nationalism are represented by Jans Smuts, who favored reconciliation with the British at the expense of native blacks, and J.B.M. Hertzog, who advocated that Afrikaners be allowed to carve out their own unique culture and national identity. As it turns out, the Afrikaners wanted to eat their cake and have it too, as they opted for both nationalism and the exploitation of black South Africans.
It seems curious that the Afrikaners fancy themselves oppressed when they were so eager to tyrannize the black population. However, this feeling has evolved throughout the... [continues]
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