African Union Background Guide

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  • Topic: Somalia, Africa, African Union
  • Pages : 22 (7743 words )
  • Download(s) : 437
  • Published : April 8, 2012
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Dear Delegates, It is with profound pleasure that I welcome you all to this simulation of the African Union at the 2012 Canadian Future Model United Nations (CFMUN) Conference. I am your director, Tascha Shahriari-Parsa, and I am a student currently attending Prince of Wales Secondary with a growing aspiration for Model UN. I would like to congratulate and appreciate all of you for getting involved in world issues and further developing the inescapable depths of your growing mind. The topics selected before this committee are two very pertinent issues to the African Union and the international community. As difficult as they may seem at first glance, I truly believe that you will be able to resolve them through a surplus of cooperation, ingenuity, and determination. The first topic is that of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). As many of you know, Somalia has been afflicted by piracy, famine, and other detriments to its society that have made life a living hell for its citizens. It is more than vital for delegates to determine a way to stabilize the nation and put an end to these tribulations. The second topic pertains to the exploitation of African resources by foreign countries. This intricate issue revolves around the ineffective relationships between the policies of African governments and the responsibilities of corporations, which have resulted in the alarming conditions of many African countries. I ambitiously look forward to meeting all of you, and I hope that you will all make the most out of this weekend, whether you are a new delegate attending your first conference or an experienced delegate ready to roll. If you have any questions about the conference, procedure, the topics, or anything else, feel free to send me an email! Sincerely, Tascha Shahriari-Parsa Director, African Union au.cfmun@gmail.com

Contents
TOPIC A: African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) Introduction ......................... 2 Timeline ............................... 2 Political Background ............. 3 Famine ................................. 3 Islamic Movement ................ 4 Security ................................ 5 Piracy ................................... 6 The Mandate of AMISOM ..... 6 Police Force........................ 7 Humanitarian Work ........... 8 Military Action ................... 8 Political Affairs Unit ........... 9 Concluding Remarks ............. 9 Questions to Consider ........ 10 Further Reading.................. 10 Works Cited........................ 11 TOPIC B: Foreign Countries’ Exploitation of African Resources Introduction ....................... 13 Historical Background ......... 13 Timber.............................. 14 Oil ..................................... 14 Mining .............................. 15 Child Labour ..................... 17 Concluding Remarks ........... 18 Questions to Consider ........ 19 Further Reading.................. 19 Works Cited........................ 20

CFMUN 2012 | Page 1

TOPIC ONE:
AMISOM (AFRICAN UNION MISSION IN SOMALIA)
INTRODUCTION
Somalia, a nation located in the horn of Africa, is facing a devastating humanitarian crisis that has left millions in need of immediate assistance. The Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG) has been unsuccessful in empowering its responsibility over the nation, leaving Somalis unprepared and unable to deal with the famines, droughts, piracy, and lack of security that are continuing to take their lives one by one. With the full support of the United Nations, the African Union launched the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in 2007, a peacekeeping mission with the mandate to assist the TFG to stabilize the country and its political affairs, ensure the accurate delivery of humanitarian aid, and monitor conditions to allow for the prevalence of ―reconstruction, reconciliation, and sustainable development.‖ 1 Unfortunately, AMISON has not been successful with its efforts in stabilizing Somalia....
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