In the South, during the nineteenth century, the plantations started expanding after Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, signed the Louisiana Purchases which was one of the largest land deals in history. He opened millions of acres in order to encourage many white Southerners to move from West to Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. This widescale type of farming created not only great amount of lands but also majority of the slaves. Besides, with warm weather, these regions became good ideal places for agriculture. That was also a reason for the growth of slavery. Slaves in the South primarily cultivated indigo, rice, tobacco and cotton. Furthermore, slavery played an economic necessity as huge plantations, particularly producing cotton. Because there were many slaves, the slave owners had to control them strictly in order to avoid them from escaping. Also, the treatment of slaves was harsh and inhumane. For example, slaves... [continues]
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