African American Perspective from 1959

Topics: African American, Ku Klux Klan, Martin Luther King, Jr. Pages: 5 (1379 words) Published: November 2, 2014
To my dear uncle,
I am writing to you in New York to inform you of my recent position within the black community, in Mississippi. As a citizen of a state that offers complete equality, I realise that you are unaware of the racism that I experience on a daily basis and although slavery was abolished in 1865, in the Southern States of America, black Americans have still not achieved complete equality. For example: - The Ku Klux Klan beat up and 'lynch' black people. An action meaning to kill without legal sanction. The organisation was set up in 1865 to frighten, beat up and lynch black people. The group shows violence and discriminatory prejudice against the Black population, gaining millions of supporters before, during and now after the 1920s. The KKK fight to preserve and to maintain White supremacy throughout its campaign. In 1954 (May 17th) with the help of the NAACP, Reverend Brown (against the Board of Education of Topeka) won the right to send his children to a white school in the US Supreme Court. The decision of school desegregation, triggered a wave of resistance throughout the South that ultimately led to the return of the Ku Klux Klan. In its initial stages, the resistance was headed by the White Citizens Council. The Council are largely composed of respectable citizens in a position local power throughout the South. This is worrying to the black community because as African- Americans, we do not have the right to vote and if white supporters of segregation continue to grow within the US government, gaining power, this puts a larger threat on the possibility of equality. In spite of this type of segregation, there have been successful attempts to improve the status of black people, before the 1940s. For example: - In 1909, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP.) The NAACP are campaigning for the rights of coloured people and object to persecution under the Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow was a character who used to make fun of black people and the way that they spoke. The term Jim Crow came to be used as an insult against black people. In the southern states of America, the US government passed a series of laws, which discriminated against black people: separating them from whites. These laws are concerning racial segregation and have been constituted since 1876, to be enforced by police at the state and local level. The Jim Crow laws disallow black Americans from an equal status to that of white Americans, and therefore the NAACP continue to proceed with the fight to abolish segregation, in the form of the Jim Crow laws. They continue to campaign with non- violent activity, including protesting and arranging marches. They are trying to encourage the association between black and white Americans and eliminate the sense of segregation however, it is very difficult to get any official support because the black community don't have the right to vote. On the other hand, the KKK have many members who have important positions of power and authority within the US government. I think that it is difficult for the government to try and change the attitudes of white people in the south, in fear that these actions will lose them significant votes. KKK members are not brought to court often as a result of horrific murders upon black people, however Klan members know that if they are arrested, important government connections will ensure their safety within the community and within the court. Many black Americans protest against organisations like the KKK, however there are many white sympathisers who are also treated with inequality. - In 1925, there was hope that justice between black and white Americans would appear in biased, government controlled courts when a trial for serious injuries to a black woman on a train in Chicago left white man, David Stephenson, guilty. There has been many more affairs leading to black people challenging white supremacy, with the 'march' being strongly led by...
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