African American History 12

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During the years of 1873-1923 was the worse for African American history. After 1877, blacks’ political rights were taken away through many occasions such as: fraud, intimidation, and murder. In 1890, legislators in Mississippi called a constitutional convention, implementing poll taxes, literacy requirements, and banned voting for people convicted of theft, perjury, arson, bribery, and burglary. Whites thought if they could put a limit to the educational achievements of Negroes, they could also stop their aspirations for Negro advancement. By the 1900, black children received a small portion of the state’s funds for education although they accounted for over 50 percent of the school population. Charles Banks influenced Mississippi and became a leader for blacks all over in 1905 to 1920. Being that Banks was born in the time of promise, he lived through the period in which many blacks dreams were dashed away. Daniel and Sallie Banks gave birth to Charles was born on March 25, 1873, in Clarksdale, Mississippi. Banks lived with his Grandmother and brother and sisters: Joeannia, Mary, G. Joseph, and Marriah Holley. Father Banks was a farmer and Charles’ mother was in control of the house and cooking the food. No one in the family had a good job. They all were poorly paid. When Charles was born the family just now got good with a wealthy white family in Clarksdale, John and Eliza Clark. Discuss the relationship between Charles Banks and the Clark family of Mississippi.

The relationship between Charles Banks and the Clarks was an impressionable one. It molded Charles views pertaining to whites and blacks. It showed him through these times that different races are not all bad and we can co-exist. It is obvious that Banks understood the concept by the way he would explain his relationships with whites on a day to day basis. Charles moved from Clarksdale, but he still kept in touch with the Clarks. The Clarks and Charles had such a great relationship, that when Banks moved away, Eliza Clark kept in contact, which was uncommon back then. When Banks grandmother, Marriah Holley, was sick; it was Eliza who wrote to the Banks in December of 1911 to check on things. Eliza wrote a story in the Clarksdale Daily Register. The story explained the passionate relationship between the Clarks and the Banks in 1912. By paying for Charles to go to school at Rust University, shows the magnitude of the relationship between the two. It was a deep love for one another. Define the old Negro elite.

The old Negro elite were things like your wealth, color of your skin, education and job. As well as your family background, for example you family tree. Also family members who were free during the antebellum period or who fought against slavery and made names for themselves, it usually was allowed into the old black elite. Economic statuses meant nothing to the old guards. Define the new Negro Elite.

The new Negro elite were men and women who usually were not as educated than the old elite and who firmly belived in Washington’s self-help philosophy. Skin tone was not in much of importance, but business achievement, economic security, and income most definitely were. Discuss the relationship between Charles Banks and the Republican Party.

The relationship Charles Banks had with the Republican Party is Banks worked under the Republican Party. Also he was on the state executive committee for the Republican Party. 1904 was the year Charles started as a delegate to the Republican National convention in the Third District. Banks reported to Scott, explaining how many obstacles it was to stay a delegate and stay well known throughout the p Republican National Convention and sat the same time stay on good terms with the Negros in Mississippi. Taft was the one who picked Banks for the Republican National Convention to second his nomination for the candidacy. Charles was a census enumerator for his district for the Republican Party....
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