African American Cultural Art Ethnic Paper

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Most of the African American culture consists of descendants of African slaves who survived that were held in the United States from 1619 to 1865. African American culture includes immigrants from African, South American, and the Caribbean. During the period between the 1600s and the early 1800s, art consisted of drums, quilts, wrought-iron figures and vessels in the southern United States. There were slaves arriving from Africa as skilled craftsman, with the experience of working in similar media in Africa. There were a few known early portrait artist, from the period of 1773-1887. There were no schools for an African American artist to learn to paint, although in special cases, some white families would allow for provide tutoring.

Following the Civil War, it was then acceptable for African American created art to be exhibited in museums which led to artists producing work just for that purpose. Other artist became notable for their creativity and art skill. As a result, the goal of widespread recognition across racial boundaries was first eased in Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, New York and New Orleans. Although there were still discriminatory limits, African Americans were the majority accepted.

The Harlem Renaissance was one the most remarkable change for African American Art. In the 1920s, certain freedoms and ideas were widely spread into artistic communities in the United States. Although this had become a great experience for African American artists, in 1929 the Great Depression ended funding for arts for some time. The U.S. Treasury Departments Public Works of Art Project did not attempt to provide support for artist in 1933. The Works Progress Administration created by Franklin D. Roosevelt provided for all American artists and proved especially helpful to African American artists.

In the Philadelphia Museum of Art, are collections of modern and contemporary art. The American Art displayed consists of three centuries of portraits,...
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