Topic: African American military service during the Civil War
• News from Fort Sumter set off a rush by free black men to enlist in U.S. military units. They were turned away because a Federal law by dating from 1792 barred Negroes from bearing arms for the U.S military units. Although they were forced to serve in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812.
• The Lincoln administration wrestled with the idea of authorixzing the recruitment of black troops concerned that such a move would prompt the border states to secede.
• Black soldiers served in artillery and infantry and performed all noncombat support function that sustain an army as well. Black carpenters, chaplains,cooks,guards,laborers, nurses, scouts,spies,steamboat,pilots, and surgeons.
• By the end of the civil war roughly 179,000 blackmen(10% of the Union Army)
• 19,000 served in the Navy
• Because of the prejudice against them black units were not used in combat as extensively as they might have been
• The soldiers served with distinction in a number of battles; black infantry men fought gallantly at Milliken’s Bend, LA; Port Hudson, LA; Petersburg,VA,and Nashville, TN.
• Article Ciatation-Freeman Elsie, Wynel l Burroughs Schamel and Jean West. “The Fight for Equal Rights: A Recruiting Poster for Black Soliders in the civil war” Social Edu. 56,2(February 1992):118-120[Revised and updated in 1999 by Budge Wiedman]
• “ Once let the black get upon his person the brass letters, U.S. let him get a eagle on his button and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pockets and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship in the United States. –“Fredrick Douglass”
• These words spoken by... [continues]
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