1. Affirmative action is morally defensible. Affirmative action is about providing opportunities for the previously disadvantaged people, which includes black people, women and the disabled. It’s a process of transformation. Due to the apartheid regime in South Africa, the laws directly discriminated against certain racial groups. Affirmative action in South Africa became a comprehensive strategy to overcome the imbalances caused by Apartheid and racism. It is a tool to bring about a changing set of social and economic relations in the transition to democracy. Unless this occurs, the pattern of economic control, ownership and management produced by the apartheid system will remain unchanged.
2. The United States. It used affirmative action to promote racial preference through the implementation of various acts from 1862 to 1930 to address issues of inequality. It was to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their religion, sex, colour, or national margin.
3. South African Government choose to implement the Affirmative action policy act for political transition from apartheid to democracy. The transition brought with it a strong belief that, in addition to political freedom, blacks must also be proved with access to means and resources to overcome their past economic marginalisation. It helped to compensate for past discriminations, persecution and exploitation by the ruling class of a culture, and to address existing discrimination. In companies it means people now get the opportunity to enhance themselves and take their thinking to a different level now whereas before they never got the opportunity to think beyond their level due to restrictions in the workplace and schools. The policy is justifiable in that it is aimed at creating just and equitable society.
4. For as long as these inequalities exist, the policy cannot be discontinued because of the...