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Greek Philosophy
Pathos
Nature of being, existence, appearance vs reality (how something appears vs what it really is “alagory of the den”, verification of knowledge, skepticism, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Democritus- order

* Search for harmony/stability,
* never to much/never too little
Philosophy that addresses Politics and Society
Pythagoras-mathematics, music, religion, numerical relationships, * Knew world is sphere

Parmenides- reality is a manifestation of the divine vs illusion which arises from man’s senses * Reality when we sense it is devine.
* Sensation is illusion
* Being is – is what is now
Democritus- atomist, but soul animates life
* Universe composed of many particles.
* Materialism
* Soul in the body
* Goal is happiness/ finding contentment
Athenian philosophy
* Exploration of psychic (soul of person) and nous (mind) * Spirit/soul of complement of matter
* Materialistic
* Sophists (people who place value on the individual)
* Expediency
* Protagoras
* No ethics, no absolutes, what makes you happy has its own justification * The only reality is the reality of the person, reality of self * No penalty for not being ethical

* Socrates
* Emphasis on reason in epistemology
* Just an unjust were equal
* Linked philosophy and ethics
* He questions everything
* Standards based on objective reality
* The individual require a sense of what is just,
* Reject subjectivity of sophists
* You can find truth (absolutism) but only if you can verify ii * Constant scrutinizing in order to find truth
* Detect error by scrutinizing error
* Plato
* Has school called The Academy
* Does not believe in democracy
* Believes in authoritarian rule
* Orderly govt based on giving rulers absolute with certainty that they hold absolute truth * Science of the soul...
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