Topics: Plato, Aristotle, Philosophy Pages: 3 (388 words) Published: March 4, 2013
Greek Philosophy
Nature of being, existence, appearance vs reality (how something appears vs what it really is “alagory of the den”, verification of knowledge, skepticism, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Democritus- order

* Search for harmony/stability,
* never to much/never too little
Philosophy that addresses Politics and Society
Pythagoras-mathematics, music, religion, numerical relationships, * Knew world is sphere

Parmenides- reality is a manifestation of the divine vs illusion which arises from man’s senses * Reality when we sense it is devine.
* Sensation is illusion
* Being is – is what is now
Democritus- atomist, but soul animates life
* Universe composed of many particles.
* Materialism
* Soul in the body
* Goal is happiness/ finding contentment
Athenian philosophy
* Exploration of psychic (soul of person) and nous (mind) * Spirit/soul of complement of matter
* Materialistic
* Sophists (people who place value on the individual)
* Expediency
* Protagoras
* No ethics, no absolutes, what makes you happy has its own justification * The only reality is the reality of the person, reality of self * No penalty for not being ethical

* Socrates
* Emphasis on reason in epistemology
* Just an unjust were equal
* Linked philosophy and ethics
* He questions everything
* Standards based on objective reality
* The individual require a sense of what is just,
* Reject subjectivity of sophists
* You can find truth (absolutism) but only if you can verify ii * Constant scrutinizing in order to find truth
* Detect error by scrutinizing error
* Plato
* Has school called The Academy
* Does not believe in democracy
* Believes in authoritarian rule
* Orderly govt based on giving rulers absolute with certainty that they hold absolute truth * Science of the soul...
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