AUTHOR: Mark TwainPERIOD/SCHOOL: 3/Quartz Hill
AUTHOR AND HIS TIMES:
-born in Florida, Missouri on November 30th, 1835
-died on April 21st, 1910
-moved to a port city near the Mississippi banks when he was four
steam boats traveled through here between New Orleans and St. Louis general area where the Adventures of Huck Finn takes place -had ailments when he was young
was kept indoors at 206 Hill Street
desired for the outdoors, like his characters
recovered when he was nine
attended Hannibal private school
-father passed of pneumonia when he was twelve
like Huck, whose father died before he grew up
-became a printer's apprentice
where he found his love for writing
left school at thirteen to do so
became editorial assistant at Orion's newspaper two years later
left hometown for another's printer's job in St. Louis at seventeen -became river pilot's apprentice
"Mark Twain" = safe to navigate; a river term
became licensed river pilot at twenty-three
Finn traveled by raft a majority of the book
knowledge of river pilot was essential
-published Adventures of Huck Finn to the public by Charles L. Webster & Co.
at the time, a hapless publishing company
created controversy between critics
because of contents of the book and reputation of its publisher
FORM, STRUCTURE, AND PLOT:
-Organized in 43 chapters; 263 pages
-There are no flashbacks or dream sequences
There is the telling of what happened from others' but no real flashbacks -Stream of consciousness: all of Huck's thoughts
What happened from his point of view
Other people's quotes
No one else's thoughts
-Order of events: chronological
-Foreshadowing: Huck is superstitious, so when he does simple things like flick a spider into a candle or touch a rattlesnake by his bare hands, he knows something bad is soon to come. -Parallel events: There is no event. However, Huck parallels to an alter ego of Twain himself. -The plot is simple because it progresses forward as one event after another. -In the beginning, Huck was unhappily living a civilized life with Miss Watson, and in the end, he was given another opportunity to be civilized. He learned his lesson and set out to adventure westward.
POINT OF VIEW:
-First person of the protagonist
-Recent past tense
-No shifts in point of view during the novel
-Author's purpose of this perspective is to be lost in the story; he wanted the reader to be in the adventure him/herself.
-Huck Finn: Mornings, before daylight, I slipped into corn fields and borrowed a watermelon, or a mushmelon, or a punkin, or some new corn, or things of that kind. Pap always said it warn't no harm to borrow things, if you was meaning to pay them back, sometime; but the widow said it warn't anything but a soft name for stealing, and no decent body would do it. This passage displays Finn's impressionability. He doesn't know exactly wrong from right and is conflicted between what two people told him. Still, he steals because he decides his survival is more important than probable morality.
13 years old
superstitious, childish, adventurous
-Mrs. Judith Loftus: "if you get into any trouble you send word to Mrs. Judith Loftus, which is me, and I'll do what I can to get you out of it." Along with this, she gave advice about how to act more like his disguise, a girl. This further indicates her helpful, understanding nature.
helpful, clever, trust-worthy
foil character; one of the few people who were good
-Aunt Polly: There was something about aunt Polly's manner, when she kissed Tom, that swept away his low spirits and made him light hearted and happy again" This indicates she is a loving, happy person; very mother-like.
loving, disciplinary, spiritual
-Huck's Father: [Pap] said he’d been a fool, and...