Introduction to the Areas Essay
Advantages of Studying Aid and Development in the Case of South and Southeast Asia Elinor Dixon
In the year 2000, the United Nations identified the reduction of child mortality as one of its twelve Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015. Among the regions most severely affected by child mortality were and still are Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia and South and Southeast Asia. Studying one of these regions at University could no doubt pave the way to a career in preventing the deaths of children in said region. Many factors contribute to the issue of child mortality, but one of the major causes, and indeed one of the littlest known, is that of unexploded ordinance. These landmines may be held less-responsible for childhood deaths in East Asia, but are one of the leading problems in the other two regions. The issue has been well-addressed in Sub-Saharan Africa over the past years, but unfortunately remains virtually unrecognised in South and Southeast Asia, where extensive amounts of aid are required to counter the problem. Examining the relative amount of developmental aid currently required to prevent child mortality in relation to unexploded ordinance in the three afore-mentioned geographical regions reveals the vocational and ultimately cathartic advantages of studying South and Southeast Asia. PARAGRAPH 1:
As previously stated, unexploded ordinance, also known as UXO, is one of the major causes of child mortality today. Most of these landmines are remnants from past conflicts, such as the Vietnam War in Southeast Asia, which is why they are often overlooked when dealing with what may be referred to as existing threats. Thus, most developmental aid agencies and non-governmental organisations send resources to address other issues, simply because attempting to save children from a disease like malaria or from child labour is both less costly and much easier to do than searching for mines that may or...
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