City Life-Advantages and Disadvantages
Towns and cities are the boon of the modern civilization. With the coming of industrial revolution, a large number of industries sprang up. Machines replaced manual work and labourers failed to compete with the quality as well as quantity of the machine production. Cottage industry, therefore began to breathe its last. People suddenly found themselves without work, for their hand-made goods failed to compete with the finished goods of the machine without any work, they failed to provide square meals to their families. Forced because of hunger, poverty, death and other circumstances, they migrated to areas whore these industries were set up to seek employment. This saw the emergence of towns as the labourers began to live with their families nearby the factories and the industries where they were employed. Towns grew bigger to form cities gradually. People from villages since ages have perpetually migrated to towns and cities in search for better life, better opportunities for employment and better exposure. Villages arc left only for traditional farming. Besides agriculture and animal husbandry, villages now provide no other opportunities. Due to unfriendly weather conditions such as drought, famines or floods, even agriculture and animal keeping prove to be unprofitable. Survival too, these days, many a times, becomes difficult. Cities, at such times, seem to be the only refuge where there are greater chances of earning a livelihood and surviving anyhow. Thus, cities have come up as a by-product of industrialization and modernization. City life is thus a modern phenomenon. Being so, it has its own advantages as well as disadvantages. 'City'—is a symbol of what we called 'Modern'. It symbolizes in its very essence every aspect of modernism and modernization. It stands in total contrast to the pastoral life of a village. The meadows, the green valleys, the cattle grazing, farmers busy ploughing their fields, children playing...
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