The Northern advantages, which would be the Southern disadvantages, would be the manufacturing capabilities. The factories in the North could mass produce weapons, whereas the South had few facilities that could produce arms, never mind in mass quantity. This was due to North experiencing an industrial revolution, leaving them with the amount of factories to substantially produce supplies vital to supplying an army. Also, due to the immigrants, who came the North looking for jobs, meant that little production was lost on account of men leaving to fight in the war. The south was greatly dependent
on agriculture and slavery, making it much harder for the South to industrialize. Since the North was not fighting on their own soil, this meant that they could protect their own industrial and transportation resources. This was an extreme disadvantage due to the South not being able to produce the items needed to fight for the war. The North also contributed to this by building a blockade, via naval ships, that prevented trade with Europe
The North also had nearly three times the population of the South. The North had twenty million people, whereas the South had nine million. Out of the nine million that the South had, four million were black slaves. The population thus allowed the North to field a larger army, which made replacing combat casualties easier. General Grant used to refuse prisoner exchange offers from the south, for the reason that the South needed soldiers much worse than the... [continues]
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