We can look at governmental systems as a continuum from a unitary type to a confederacy with federalism sitting in the middle.
The unitary government is often described as a centralized government. It is a government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency. The central government creates local units of government for its own convenience. Most of the government in the world are unitary, Great Britain being one of them. One single central organ is Parliament it holds all the power of the British government. Local governments do exist but solely to relieve Parliament of burdens it could perform only with difficulty and inconvenience.
There are some advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are uniform policies, law, political, enforcement, administration throughout country. There is less duplication of services and fewer conflicts between national and local government also greater unity and stability.
The disadvantage is that the central government is out of touch with local concerns which it makes it slow in meeting local problems. If the central government gets too involved in local problems it may not meet the needs of all its citizens.
Then there is confederate government is an alliance of independent states. A central organ; The confederate government has the power to handle only those matters that the member states have assigned to it. Typically, confederate governments have had limited powers and only in such fields as defense and foreign commerce. In our own history, the United States under the Articles of Confederation and the Confederate States of America are examples of the form. Confederations are very rare in today’s world. The European Union is the closest approach to a confederation today.
Like unitary there are advantages and disadvantages to confederate government. The advantages are... [continues]
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