21st Century is a period of time when the globalization process has reached its apogee. All over the world exists thousands diverse international political and economic organizations and unions. According to Garret (2000, pp. 941-991) the most important cause of globalization is related to the international market integration. The major impact on this process has had the appearance of the European Union by Maastricht Treaty in 1993. Peace, prosperity, stability, economic and social progress towards nations and individuals were the main objectives of the EU creation (BBC, 2002; Europa, n.d a). After twenty years of cooperation different disputes about the benefits and disadvantages of the EU membership for a nation came up. Based on history, values and aims of the union this essay will examine both points of view and will try to make an overall conclusion.
History, objectives and aims of the European Union
First of all, the goals and history of EU creation are tight connected. In other words, advantages and disadvantages of membership could be found namely in reasons and aims of cooperation. As it was mentioned above, the EU appeared in 1993. However, the first steps of Europe integration were undertaken in 1949 and in 1951 when 6 founder countries which are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands created the Council of Europe and “Coal and Steel” Committee proclaiming peace and starting to unify the markets (Europa, n.d. b). Due to these treaties, for more than 50 years total peace, economic stability and annual betterment of living standards have covered the whole Europe. As the Union was enlarging and the borders within member countries disappeared at all, goods, capital and people obtain the great possibility to move freely between states heavily influencing the fast development of the already integrated and unique economy. The other signed and substantial for Europe treaty is the Lisbon one. Europa...