The First World War originated in new and huge problems for both military
authorities and military health service. (Marc, B., 2002, Paragraph 1)
There were many advances in medicine and surgery during World
War One because of the many individuals that were injured. Hospitals were developed,
medicines were created, surgical procedures, and even the ambulance all were developed
during World War One. There were also many weapons developed during this war which
led to many wounded or dead individuals. Many of the injured individuals were injured
by grenades, gaseous agents, bombs, or bullets. At the beginning of the nurses did not
know how to take care of so many injured people. The individuals hurt
severely had to have immediate care or they would die. Most of those hurt did
When the nurses began finding out about bacteria and diseases such as influenza,
typhoid fever, cholera, and tuberculosis they started working harder on preventing these
diseases. There really was not much they could do but to keep everything as clean as
possible. There was no clean water or clean clothes and there was very little food to go
around so they had to make the best of their environment.
In the summer of 1914 Great Britain’s leaders formed many hospitals that were
fully equipped with all of the medical devices they would need to provide for 7,000
wounded individuals. There were also army nurses established, and they were all trained
on how to set up cleaning and clearing stations for the wounded, or those who were dead.
The nurses had to open many stations for the wounded, and they were opened
quickly to save more lives.
A biochemist/pathologist who was working during World War One discovered
that everyone has different blood types and he also discovered the need for blood
transfusions. The need for blood transfusions were extremely high because if those
individuals wounded lost too much blood they would die if a transfusion were not
Once the doctors found out about blood types and transfusions this led to the
development of stations that would have doctors that could perform anesthesia. The
doctors who administered the anesthesia are called Anesthetist. Anesthetics could be
given via facemasks (this is still how it is used today) by many doctors, but it was not
performed by specialists. Anesthetists were vital to the injured to prevent
them from shock. The wounded would die from shock because their wounds were so
bad they could not bear it. Nitrous oxide, ether, and oxygen became very popular during
this war and this led to the development of anesthesia machines.
At the beginning of the war many of those injured and had the result of a
missing limb died until the development of plastic surgery. The World War One
survivors left with missing limbs led to the establishment of plastic and
reconstructive surgery. Plastic surgery is vital to those who have missing limbs because if
they do not receive surgery they would bleed to death. Reconstructive surgery was
established to help with the scars from previous plastic surgery.
The Red Cross was formed to help women and men with the issues of the war and
their lives. They were taught to cope with their problems such as household priorities,
illness, and even death. The Red Cross was a volunteer organization that the people
would volunteer for thinking that they would get help. Eventually the volunteers were
asked to help in the war. The group who was originally men and women turned into
mainly women because the men starting serving in the war. The women served as
aides to the military nurses, and they would have to set up emergency hospitals and help
with dressing wounds and providing other assistance.