Advancement of Camera

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Advancements of the Camera
Advancements of the Camera

Introduction to the Humanities- HUMN303
Course Project
6/12/2011
Introduction to the Humanities- HUMN303
Course Project
6/12/2011
Sony
The Camera, an invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera; which not only has been used to capture pretty pictures and portraits, but it has become something that benefits many people including the business world.

Sony
The Camera, an invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera; which not only has been used to capture pretty pictures and portraits, but it has become something that benefits many people including the business world.

Advancements of the Camera
Over the years, there have been a lot of inventions that have benefited people and society in general. An invention that has evolved through many generations of technology is the camera. The camera not only has been used to capture especial moments in people’s lives, but it has become something that benefits the business world in general.

It is believed that the camera was invented during the early 1500’s. The first unsophisticated camera was called the camera obscura. Artists were the only people who used the camera as a tool to help them sketch scenery (Bellis). The camera obscura was seen as a drawing tool for a clearer and realistic portrayal of objects. It was in the early 19th century that an invention named the Camera Lucida was introduced by Cambridge Scientist William Hyde Wollaston that consisted of an optical device that could help an artist view the distant scene or person object on a paper surface that he or she was using to draw. In other words, the artist gets to view a superimposed image of a subject on paper and this image could be effectively used to attempt to draw, trace or paint it (JohnnyWik). Both the Camera Obscura and the Camera Lucida provided an image that was temporary, which could not be lastingly captured on to paper.

Studies however continued well into the 1800’s on how to actually capture the image onto material. It was during this time, around 1822 that French researcher Joseph Nicephore Niepce, created the first photography on the paper and would disappear after a short while (InfoBorder). Even so, despite the short-lived nature of the image, the concept of photography was born with this experiment and paved the way for further study and development in this field. Capturing images to retain them longer and permanently became the next big quest for researchers. Another Frenchman Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre partnered with Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1829, to develop the process of creating permanent photographs (InfoBorder). Joseph Niepce die in 1833, but Daguerre continued with the work and succeeded in 1837 after many long years of experimentation (InfoBorder). The process of capturing photographic images that would not fade away, introduced by Daguerre came to be known as the daguerreotype because of his name. The word photography was made up by scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel in 1839 and it is actually is derived from two Greek word’s ‘photos’ meaning light and ‘graphein’ meaning draw (Unknown).

A slightly more advanced version of the daguerreotype called the Calotype process that makes multiple copies possible using the negative and positive method became available very soon after. In fact, it was during the 1840’s that the use of photographic images in advertisements first started and cameras made their mark on the power of visual communication. It was not much later, that photographers started experimenting with underwater photography of seascapes (National Geographic). Up until 1850, the process of capturing images was cumbersome requiring up to half an hour of light exposure (Greenspun, 2007). The discovery made in 1851 by Frederick Scott Archer was a blessing since the new method termed the Collodion process called for just 2-3 seconds of...
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