Final Exam (Review)
1)Know about Piaget’s view of cognitive development.
2)Know about and be able to recognize the following concepts: Schemas, disequilibrium, equilibration, accommodation, and assimilation. 3)Know about and be able to recognize Piaget’s stages of cognitive development. 4)Know what the research tells us about Piaget’s initial beliefs regarding these stages. 5)Know about Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development.
6)Know how Vygotsky’s and Piaget’s theory are similar and how they are different. 7)Know about and be able to recognize the Zone of Proximal Development. 8)Know about and be able to recognize the following concepts: Cognitive apprenticeship, scaffolding, and cognitive tool. 9)Know about the Operant conditioning approach to motivation. 10)Know about the Social Cognitive approach to motivation.
11)Know about and be able to recognize both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. 12)Know about the things that can increase intrinsic motivation. 13)Know about the things that can decrease intrinsic motivation. 14)Know about Maslow’s theory and his approach to motivation. 15)Know about the concepts of situated motivation and self handicapping. 16)Know about and be able to recognize the difference between state and trait anxiety. 17)Know the differences and be able to recognize high need achievers and low need achievers. 18)Know how assessments can be used to increase motivation. 19)Know about the concept of stereotype threat.
20)Know about Carol Dweck’s Ability Beliefs theory of motivation and be able to recognize entity and incremental theorists of ability or intelligence. 21)Know about Goal Orientation theory of motivation and be able to recognize a Mastery Goal, a Performance-Approach Goal, and a Performance-Avoidance Goal. 22)Know about Attribution Theory of motivation, and the associated gender differences. 23)Know about the concept of learned helplessness.