Adulthood and Aging 4

Topics: Sociology, Family, Old age Pages: 5 (1520 words) Published: April 7, 2011
This article discusses the social process with adulthood and aging. After reading the information in this article, I have a better understanding on the process of social development with age. When we are younger, it seems as though our circle of friends can be large. As time goes on and we enter adulthood, our social network seems to decrease. Social development has to do with anyone that we interact with, not just based on a friendly basis. Having meaningful relationships with anyone has been known to help release stress. This article says that have a good social connection is important to someone’s well being. It is possible that with a good social connection that anxiety, sleep issues or depression could be lowered. I chose this topic and article because I have someone in my family who has been dealing with depression and who has become totally anti social. I have learned a lot from this article in regards dealing with emotions and aging. I will be able to pass on a lot of information that will be useful to this person. The development process through adulthood is not always the easiest transition. A lot of people go through different stages and get mixed emotions on things happening in their lives.

If I had to write a research paper on this topic, I would definitely use this article I selected. I find this article to be quite informative, and could use it as part of my research for a paper. I would be able to explain why the social development and process is what it is, and how to deal with it. I would need to check out the author to make sure that he/she were credible, and that the information written could be supported. Overall this article would be a good stepping stone in beginning to write a paper.
Adulthood and Aging: Social Processes and Development

One of the most reliable findings in social gerontology is that with age, people report fewer social partners. Assuming that cultural ageism is responsible, researchers had construed this phenomenon as society’s rejection of older adults. Laura Carstensen’s (1999) socioemotional selectivity theory, however, posits that decrease in social network size is a developmental process of social selection that begins in early adulthood. According to the theory, this decrease is the direct result of people’s actively reducing the number of peripheral social partners with whom they interact; in contrast, the number of emotionally close social partners stays relatively constant with age. The age-related preference for close social partners, as opposed to acquaintances, is documented in many studies of men and women using ethnicity diverse groups of Americans and samples from Germany, Hong Kong, and mainland China. Close social partners provide emotionally meaningful interactions, and satisfaction with family members, including siblings, spouse, and children, increases with age. The sibling relationship represents one of the longest, more enduring relationships in life, and Victor Cicirelli’s (1989) research reveals that people who report positive relationships with siblings, particularly their sisters, also report lower levels of depression. In addition, the marital tie is also important to overall well-being. Across the life span, marital satisfaction follows a curvilinear pattern: high in the early years of marriage, decreasing slightly into middle adulthood, and then rising again toward the end of middle age. People whose marriages survived into old age report high levels of marital happiness and contentment. Although they reported that difficult times did occur, they attribute their marriage’s longevity to strong levels of mutual commitment and friendship. Children are sources of high satisfaction for parents of all ages. Karen Fingerman’s (2003) research reveals that middle-aged mothers enjoy watching their daughters enter adulthood, and older mothers benefit from the intergenerational kinship that their children and...
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