Adoption in the U.S.
A. (attention grabber): According to www.adoptionfacts.org, Approximately 140,000 children are adopted by American families each year.
B. (thematic statement): Today we are going to inform you about adoption in the United States.
C. (establish significance/credibility): According to www.childrensrights.org , The majority (42 percent) of children currently in foster care waiting to be adopted were removed from their parents or caretakers before two years old. Research shows children who enter foster care at a young age remain in the system longer.
D. (preview of main points): Our four main points will be laws and regulations, different types of adoption, effects on biological parents and benefits and drawbacks.
[transition]: So first let’s take a look at the laws and regulations for adoption.
A. (main point #1): Laws and regulations
a. Safe Haven- Newborns less than 28 days can be left at a hospital with a health-care provider. The hospital will perform a medical evaluation. The parents of newborn can give a medical history to the health-care provider. Hospital has to contact local police department to make a statement. There will be no criminal liable to parents of newborn but they have to give newborn to a health-care provider and expresses, the intent the hospital accept the newborn and the newborn is not a victim of child abuse or criminal conduct.
b. Native American Child Adoption- the Native American Indian Nations and Tribes, they will have the right to find placement in foster care and adoption of a child. Tribes can intercede in court cases regarding adoption. Tribes can place a Native American child with a tribal members or members of other tribes. If a newborn child has Native American heritage, they must contact the appropriate tribe to determine if the child qualifies for tribal membership.
c. Pennsylvania Laws: The birth mother has 72 hours after birth and birthfather has any time can consent to adoption. The birthparents have 30 days after birth or 30 days after signing whichever comes later. The return of the newborn is not automatic. The birth mother medical, legal, and counseling expenses have to be paid. The adopters of the baby can advertise for the birthparents. Out of state residents can finalize an adoption. The birth father does not have to putative registry.
d. Federal Laws: Adoption agencies receiving federal funds cannot delay an adoptive placement based solely on race, color, or national origin. They also cannot delay an applicant for adoption or fostering based on race, color, or national origin. The federal law allows for adoption of infants outside of their originating state boundaries.
[transition/with signposting]: Now that you know about the laws and regulations, let’s talk about the different types of adoption.
B. (main point #2): Different types of adoption open/closed
1. There’s two main types of adoption, closed and open adoption. The difference between the two closed adoption the adoptive family and birth mother remain confidential, with no contact prior to or after the placement of the child. The adoptive family will, however, receive non-identifying health and other background information about the child and the birth family before the placement takes place. The birth parents may also receive non-identifying information about the adoptive parents. The adoption files will be sealed after the adoption, and typically are never made available to the adopted child. There are advantages and disadvantages to closed adoption. Some birth parents feel that it offers closure, allowing them to move on after the birth . Adoptive families commonly fear that the birthmother will change her mind and want the baby back. Fear commonly increases for adoptive families without the communication with the birth families and knowledge of their true intentions...