Nock, Matthew K., and Mitchell J. Prinstein. "Contextual Features and Behavioral Functions of Self-Mutilation Among Adolescents." Journal of Abnormal Psychology 114 (2005): 140-149. PsycARTICLES. EBSCO. Kean, Union. 5 Dec. 2005. Path: Psychology.
The article I read was on adolescent self-mutilation behavior. The previous studies said there were four reasons for SMB: automatic negative reinforcement, to stop bad feelings, automatic positive reinforcement, to feel something, even if it is pain, social negative reinforcement, to avoid doing something unpleasant you do not want to do, and social positive reinforcement, to get attention. This new study hypothesizes there are more factors that contribute to SMB such as : the impulsiveness of SMB, the use of alcohol and drugs before SMB, the role of social modeling in the first time occurnace of SMB, and no physical pain experienced as a result of SMB. These researchers also said those suffering from major depressive dissorder and or posttraumatic stress disorder may also be at high risk for SMB
There were 89 participants, 23 boys and 66 girls ages 12 to17, psychiatric inpatients who reported taken part in SMB in the previous 12 months. Their ethnicities were 76.4% European American, 8.9% Latin American, 4.5% African American, and 10.1% mixed ethnicity or other. The data was obtained by interviews given on admission to an adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. However for those who were admitted more than once, only their first time information was used for the study.
Those who engaged in SMB over the last 12 months was evaluated using the Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation. Adolescents provided information about the number of different ways of SMB if and how many times they had engaged in behaviors such as cutting, burning, and inserting objects under their skin. They also provided information on other characteristics, including the amount of... [continues]
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