Adolescent Development

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Introduction

Life has store many surprises for us as we develop throughout our whole life span. Developmental stages are the progress that occurs in humans from the time they are born until they grow old and die. Originally beginning with infants and children, development will subsequently progress into adolescence, followed by adult, and lastly elderly. The development occur in many fields, namely physical, perceptual, cognitive, moral and social.

Adolescence Overview

Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood. It generally refers to a period ranging from age 12 and 19. Adolescence has many psychological and social stages, as well as biological. The beginning of adolescence is usually marked with the beginning of puberty. Adolescence can be prolonged, brief, or practically nonexistent, depending the culture of their society. Adolescence is somewhere between childhood and adulthood. It is also the period of life between the onset of puberty and the full commitment to an adult social role, such as worker or parent. It is filled with constant change, uncertainty, but it can be wonderful and full of expectation. Everything a child learned to believe is suddenly challenged. One day you are a cute child that everybody seemed to adore, and the next day your skin and body are changing. Adolescence is a challenging period for both children and their parents. Three stages of adolescence - early, middle, and late, are experienced by most teens, but the age at which each stage is reached varies greatly from child to child. These different rates of maturation are connected to physical development and hormone balance, neither of which the child can control. For this reason, adolescents should be treated as individuals and any guidelines should be adapted to the particular child. It is very common to come across mood swings in this stage of development. Teens wonder if they are going to be normal. They are very sensitive to their changing body and often measure their physical appearance and skills against idealized images. This is especially true of girls, who tend to be less satisfied with their body image and most constantly want to lose weight. Television and media contribute a lot to this, as females are constantly trying to become the famous movie star they idealize. Males are constantly trying to overcome each other by trying to display their toughness. Also, rapid changes to the body occur for both sexes such as shyness, blushing, modesty, and the need for privacy. Curiosity about sexual matters begins. Teens begin having new feelings, which are usually centered on their own bodies, rather than developing sexual relationships with the opposite sex. Their sexual curiosity is often expressed by affection for remote and desirable people such as teen idols, rock band members, and movie stars. With the majority of changes associated with puberty already in effect, adolescence will start becoming concerned with their physical appearance and believe that others are also concerned as well. Greater time is invested in grooming, exercising, and experimenting with new images such as makeup and clothing styles. This is done with the purpose of developing a satisfying and realistic body image. They will begin to have increased concerns about their own sexual attractiveness with a movement towards heterosexuality and some have concerns about attraction to same sex. Tenderness is shown toward the opposite sex with frequently changing relationships. Sexuality is a major preoccupation for the middle adolescent. Adolescence is also the time often referred to as an emotional roller coaster. Because the physical changes are the most obvious sign of maturation, little emphasis is placed on the cognitive development that takes place. It is a stage in development when hormones run rampant, which triggers the irrational mood swings that pre-teens are famous for. Parents become...
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