BESE-066: ADOLESCENCE AND FAMILY EDUCATION
Answer the following questions in about 1500 words.
i) Explain the meaning, nature and definition of Adolescence ii) Explain the factors responsible for charge in Indian family system. iii) You as a teacher must have carried out activities in class-room under value base interventions for adolescent and family health. Prepare a report on the activities carried out by you.
* Explain the meaning, nature and definition of Adolescence INTRODUCTION: - Growing up is a natural process being at different states of their development. The biological equipment with which we enter the world and environmental forces, which exert serve to shape individuality. Out of different stages of life, which we living beings go through, one such stage is adolescence. Adolescence is the period of transition from child-hood to adulthood. It is the most crucial and significant period of individual’s life. It is the period of rapid changes in the individual’s physical, mental, moral, spiritual, sexual and social outlook. It is generally thought to begin with the outset of puberty and it is also termed as period of learning, development, new dimension and also period of anxieties and complexity. Except in rare cases of severe biological abnormality, boys and girls achieve sexual maturity early in adolescence and physical maturity by the end of it. The real problem of adolescent lies in the area of social, emotional, moral and economic maturity. Etymologically the team adolescence comes from the Latin word ‘adolescence’ which means to grow or to grow to maturity. If emerges from later childhood stage and merges into adulthood during which the child develops into a man or woman. To know if an individual has attended the age of adolescence, one must have direct observation of individual and growth, can also have genetic cases, we can also take attitude scales, on which adolescents to rate their reaction. We can also take projective techniques, non directive interviews, standerdised interviews, adult recollections and adolescent Diaries which constitute a good source of information and also questionaries and anecdots told about particular adolescents by their peers and superiors. We can also know from the age of the given individual as he/she has reached the age of adolescence or not. Different Psychologist has define adolescence differently according to T.A .Hadfield (1962), “when we speak of adolescent as growing up, we mean that the youth is leaving behind the phase of protective childhood and is becoming independent.” Jen Piaget defines adolescence as “the age of Great Ideas and the beginning of theories as well as the time of simple adaption of life.” According to Stanley of Hall, the period of adolescence as a period of great stress and strain, storm and strife. Based as the above definitions, we can say that adolescence is a process, rather than a period, a process of achieving the attitudes and beliefs, learning how things and ambitions through which an individual moves from childhood to adulthood. At adolescence sexual urges became predominant and they require proper direction. Since adolescence presents same complex problems to both the parents and also the teachers at school, so we should impart sex education to adolescents as students are at their adolescence age and they need a good counselling during this stream and stress period of time. So what we can say is that a period a period of rapid physical, emotional, social and behaviour change in individual shows that he is in a adolescence, but here we should take in note that the age is also an important factor to determine the adolescence of and individual. Adolescence is a phase in the life spane where the very essence of which is characterized as “ transitional owing to sudden increase in the activities of adrenal glands and hormones. This is the stage which reflects developments of secondary sexual...